Class Notes (836,615)
Canada (509,866)
Sociology (4,081)
SOC323H5 (91)
Lecture 7

SOC323-Lecture 7.docx

5 Pages
79 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOC323H5
Professor
Reza Barmaki
Semester
Winter

Description
SOC323-Lecture 7 March 4, 2013 Anthropologists  Two main theories about social change:  Diffusionism-something happened, Canadians invent something helps people in Africa  Unilinealism-there is a line Diffusionism  Dispersal:  Spread from one place to another over time  Ideas, technology…  Methods of diffusion:  Wars, commerce, stealing, imitation….  Example: 18 as the legal age of adulthood  Cultures are receptive:  No local solution for new problems  Adaptation: to changes in other areas  Result in change in other areas Unilinealism  Change as social evolution  Cumulative change over time  There is underlying order  Directional:  Simple to complex  Primitive to civilize  Lower to higher  Law reflects/result of these changes  The underlying order:  A) Is more fundamental  B) Can be discovered Sociology  Close to anthropology  “Spirit of the time”: unilinealism  Theoretical Goal:  To be a science  Science: underlying order  Practical Goals:  1) Establishment of sociology as a “science” taught in universities  2) Reform/Revolution  3) Provided “hard” Ideological Justification:  Colonialism, social domination Social Evolution  Henry Main  Primitive/feudal/modern  Community to individual  Law: status to rights  Herbert Spencer:  Militant/Industrial  Warrior privilege to rights (contract)  Emile Durkheim:  Mechanical/organic  Punitive/restitutive  Karl Marx:  Primitive/feudal/modern class  No property (laws)/complex property laws Contemporary Theory  Functionalism:  Simple to complex  Positive law integration of increasing complexity  In accordance: fundamental values  Pluralistic Conflict Theory:  Simple unity to complex diversity  Modern society: competing interest groups  Law reflects the result of power/wealth struggle  Critical legal theory (CLT)  Law affected by social forces (economy, politics…)  Reflects dominant values and interests  Legitimizes status quo, outlaws, opposition  Critical Race Theory  CLT + Race The Legal Point of View  “Legal Realism”  Legal Instrumentalism  Law should be used as a tool  A) Achieve social purposes  B) Balance competing interests  How to bring about new laws:?  Litigation: Using courts to bring about social change  Electorate Politics  Why social change through law important?  Could be the only way  Legitimacy  Long-term institutionalization  Binding (legal consequences)  Other ways:  Social movements, scholarship… Natural Rights  Given by nature  Self-evident & universal  Note effected by “human will”  A) No need fore creating them through legislation  B) Not stopped by governments, cultures..  Should be the basis of positive law  Declaration of independence  “we hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable Rights that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness”  M.L. King  “we’ve come to o
More Less

Related notes for SOC323H5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit