Multidimensional phenomenon linked to employment restructuring: the dynamics of precarious employment. Suggests that things are different than the 19th century but there is somewhat still a continuity: studying & limiting precarious employment. Some ways it is also a political argument. How we understand it in a way to limit precarious employment. It s not just what happens in the labour force but also beyond the labour force. Suggests that some do not look at health, that precarious employment is insecure (e. g. temporary), and also the quality of work is bad/low. Flexibility a lot of restructuring is at the industrial level and at the firm level (what are firms doing to respond to competitive pressures) Restructuring about a break from the past. Economic restructuring a break from the political structure linked with the growth of the welfare state and wwii. This restructuring point is about social change. And restructuring is a key reason to precarious employment.