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October 25: The Politics of Reproduction.docx

4 Pages

Women and Gender Studies
Course Code
Karen Ruffle

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Wgs week 7 lecture notes Reproductive rights and technologies Birth control defined:  Voluntary control of conception - Mechanical(tie tubes in females) or chemical(pills) - Hormonal, barrier(condoms), natural methods Birth control in historical perspective  1914: “birth control,” Margaret Sanger  Methods over history: there are many! Sex and obscenity (usa) = control of women’s bodies  Comstock laws (1873)  Illegal to send any “obscene, lewd, and/or lascivious” materials through mail  1820-1870, sex ed shows  Morality Sex and obscenity (Canada)  1892 criminal code, obscene - “Tending to corrupt morals”  Burden of proof – the person giving info and the women using it is in shit  Jail – for up to 2 years Birth control = population control  North America: industrialization and immigration  Urbanization – immigrants move to the cities instead... easier work  Bigger families = decline in material health  Timing – instead of having babies every year and half.... get them every 3/4/5 years i.d. Margaret sanger (1879-1966) - born in upstate NY - Large catholic family - Mother’s death brought her to be a nurse - Married William sanger – moved to NYC’s lower east side - 1912: “what every girl should know” in New York Call Margaret Sanger  Case of Sadie Sachs  October 1916: first bc clinic opened  1921: est. American Birth Control League (later Planned Parenthood) Birth control movement in Canada  1920’s, people questioning illegality of bc  Birth rate and socioeconomic status  Those in the know: “under-the counter” bc available; homemade versions  Advocates want bc available to all Parents’ information bureau (pib)  Vanvouver 1923, first bc advocacy group est. st  1932: Hamilton, ON 1 bc clinic est.  A.r. kaufman, 1930, bc program for poor women (kitchener, on)  Provides simple bc, referrals to doctors for diaphragms and sterilization Parents’ information bureau  1936, dorothea palmer  “for public good” = palmer acquitted 1937  25,000 clients per year  PIB most influential until 1960’s  1969 birth control legalized SERENA  1955, SERENA (service
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