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Lecture 3

GGRA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Cn Tower, Absolute Time And Space, Smallpox

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Michael Ekers

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Toronto’s Indigenous Landscape: The Global History of Toronto
“For aboriginal people living in the Toronto area there is along history of native
occupation which torrents modern towers of concrete and steel may obscure but cannot
History will always exist
The modernized world cannot hide/replace history
If you’re not a first nation’s person, you are a settler
Relationship between colonialism, settlement and land
You can change but not eradicate
Space and nature of globalization
place is never a bounded territory
to understand place critically you have to understand all relationships (place is deeply
relational, constitutionally defined by relationships)
we have to be responsible for those relationships, to those distant processes that
constitute our own lives
place comes with obligation
globalization is responsible for innovation of our society [making us more connected]
globalization=life chances
Space: Absolute space
Place vs Space
Theres a spatiality in every part of our lives [to education, to social media, to
place determines a location, space is everything
moving to point a to point be: absolute space
maps are a transparent reflection of reality, it describes where things are
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is absolute space objective?
Space: Relational Space
Space is socially constructed
We make space through our activities and experiences (economic, cultural etc.)
we make different spatial patterns everyday
spatial practice: the very lived ways people produce space (e.g. the way people produce
suburbs) the very physical and material processes that make space what it is in a very
physical sense
representations of space: how do we represent space, what gets represented and what
doesn’t? the ways in which power is inscribed into space
e.g. quebec making laws restricting religious expression but allowing a crucifix to hang
on the walls in their parliament building to represent the french and catholic history. This
is about power and racism
symbolic space: what does the CN tower represent? It’s about Toronto’s power, its
economic dynamics
religious institutions are cited in particular ways so that they are visible, different
meanings and symbols [that occupy space] are inscribed into landscape
The global history of Toronto: aboriginal settlement in the toronto area
there was a lot of force migration here
very diverse forms of immigration
missisauga, toronto, spadina: refers to aboriginal name
Aboriginal social formations
we are very different and distinct from other places (e.g market)
aboriginal social formation=defined by kinship
motive production: accessing goods
older society was much more localized: there were no separate states
aboriginals had an entrenched form of redistribution
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