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GGRA02H3 Lecture Notes - Indentured Servant, Subsistence Agriculture, Profit Motive

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Michael Bunce

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The Historical Geography of Globalization
What are the antecedents to modern globalization?
When, how and why did the economy go global?
“The World is Ten Years Old”
“It was born when the Wall fell in 1989…many world markets are only
recently freed…the spread of free markets and democracy around the world
is permitting more people everywhere to turn their aspirations into
achievements. And technology…has the power to erase not just
geographical borders but also human ones”
Merrill Lynch advertisement, Oct 11, 1998
But, wait a moment...
Did globalization just begin in 1989?
Has it no history?
Are there no antecedents?
The expansionist civilizations:
Greek and Roman Empires
long-distance exploration
innovation and trade
war and conquest
land clearance and irrigation
first cities
Islamic empire
7th - 13th centuries
Early global economy based on trade across Asia, Africa and much of
Europe. Also known as the Islamic Renaissanec – artists, engineers,
scholars, poets, philosophers, geographers and traders – which spread the
influence of Islamic knowledge and commerce.
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