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Lecture 6

GGRB28H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Condom

Course Code
Talar Sahsuvaroglu

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Lecture 6
HIV/AIDS primer
HIV/AIDS is a Global Crisis
Global estimates
Of the new HIV infections (7000/day)
o97% are in low- and middle-income countries
oAbout 1000 are <15 years old
oOf the 6000 adults (>15 years old)
Almost 51% = women
About 41% = between the ages of 15-24
Backg round to the Global Spread of AIDS
Disputes over the or igins of AIDS
oGenerally a ccepted that HIV comes from SIV
oHow it is transmitted to humans is disputed
First cases in the West in LA/SF among gay men
Rapidly emerged globally, but with very uneven geography (focuses in some areas more than
Key Features of HIV/AIDS in Canada
Predominant ly MSM (male-to-male relationships)
Ste a dy rise of transmissions through heterosexual sex
Aboriginal people in Canada represent 3.3% of the population and yet aboriginal people
accounted for 10% of all the AIDS cases (beca us e there is a lot of issues in the ir community, they
live in geographically isolated areas, more l ikely to suffer from lower education, higher
unemployment, hi gher crime rates, etc.)
An Issue of Human Rights
All humans, including those infected with and vulnerable to HIV/AIDS have the right to:
oHealth: including treatment, support and care
oFood: nutritious and sustainable food sources, clean water
oEducation: including primary education and access to infor mation about HIV and AIDS
oHousing: including access to property ownership and inheritanc e
oLife securi ty: including freedom fr om stigma, oppression, discrimination, and prote ction
from violence and vulnerability
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