HLTB21H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Syphilis, Girolamo Fracastoro

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7 Nov 2011
School
Department
Course
Lecture 6
October 16, 2011
outbreak of a new epidemic in naples
-question: how did the disease get to naples in the first place?
girolamo fracastoro termed syphilis
-also known as morbus gallicus
it was named by the people of the groups that they didnʼt really like
italy and germany
-france
-dutch
-russia
-turks
-tahiti
related to who was not liked or what symptoms occurred as a result of it
theory 1:
-introduced to europe by chris columbus and his men
-signs of symptoms of syphilis in written records
-high virulence
theory 2:
-did not come into the old world from the new world from the crew
-existed in africa and Mediterranean and spread into europe
-arose from one origin and had different clinical patterns in certain conditions and
environmental factors
-non unitarian
-strains occured because of a result of mutations
-pinta, yals, endemic
-succession of mutation
john hunter: wanted to point to the similar origin of sexual diseases
-louʼs vinera
-single nature of louʼs vinera: wet form and dry form
-1 origin and 2 forms (ghonnerea and syphilis)
-g was the wet form
from the wet form, he developed the signs of the dry form
in 1830 it became known that it was 2 different diseases
john hunter didnʼt know that the person he injected himself with had g and s
rudolph: was spread through the blood
spiral shaped bacterium- trepenema paloden
Oslo Study 1891-1951: 2000 patients with primary or secondary syphilis
-based on symptoms
-followed over the period of time to uncover what happens to them naturally
tuskegee study- 1930: poor uneducated african american men that were never told
what they had
-even when there was a cure they were not aware of it
-told they had bad blood and were given free medical treatment and burials
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