PSYB30H3 Lecture 8: Lecture 8.docx
ProfessorMarc A Fournier
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Article – Boys Falling Behind in School
•More likely disengaged 15 year old boys are more likely to say school is easte of time and less likely
say that trying hard is important. Their attendance is not as good as girls – more likely to skip or be late
•Gender Gap on doing homework boys spend less time doing homework, regardless of workload.
ON average in north America, girls do 5.5 hours/week of homework, while boys do 4.5 hours/week.
However, boys do better in science/math in general
•Spending time on games + internet boys spend more time on games while girls hardly play.
Standardized tests on the computer are scored better by boys than girls. Games help them for
•Reading habits girls are more likely to read than boys. Boys prefer to read comic books and
newspapers. Girls are willing to read anything for leisure.
•Lower aspiration in careers girls has more expectations and ambition for higher status jobs.
However, they may not necessarily achieve their goals
Why Gender Matters – Sax
•Girls and boys brain wiring is different, therefore how and what they learn will be different. Sax believes
co-ed education is a mistake
•Girls do better in all-girls school. Boys reading ability can be just as good as girls if they are in an all-
oBoys are late bloomers for reading – they have difficulty to learn how to read in kindergarten,
therefore may be seen as slow learners by teachers. Girls read faster than boys
oEnglish/reading classes are mostly female teachings – they teach books appealed for girls (e.g.
feminism, mental health etc.)
oBy going into all-boy school, boys may maximize their potential for more ‘feminine’ subjects (e.g.
arts, music, literature etc.)
oGirls may get intimidated to participate in class in a boy-dominated subject (e.g. math, science,
oThis is due to boy behaviour, such as dominance, answering questions abruptly etc.
oAll-girls school allow girls to take more ‘masculine’ courses w/o boys getting in the way
oGirls from all-girls school are 6x more likely to take physics in post-secondary education
Pink Brain, Blue Brain – Elliott
•Boys and girls may have different interests and have different behaviour, but their learning development
is not that much different
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