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Lecture 1

PSYC12H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Subtyping, Automaticity, Aversive Racism


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht
Lecture
1

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Office sy168 Mondays 12-1
Psychology of Prejudice
Lecture 1 Introduction
Houston suburb opposes plan for mosque
- Many neighborhood resident claim they have nothing against Muslim’s and are more
concerned about property values, drainage and traffic
When is something prejudice?
- Content (what was said, how was it said) legitimate generalization?
- Intention (meant to harm)
- Conviction (does the person believe what he/she said?)
- Context (power btw parties)
Definitions
- Stereotype: a set of attributes and traits associated with a group of people (social
category)
oAbnormal vs normal psychological process
- Prejudice: biased evaluation of a group based on the traits associated with that group
oExplicit vs. implicit prejudice
oPerceiver’s perspective vs. targets perspective
oIntergroup conflict vs. intergroup harmony
- Discrimination: negative behavior towards someone based on their group membership
Lecture 2 Origins of Stereotypes
Prejudice today
How would be study the existence of race/gender discrimination in car buying
- 4 twin testers: age, education, attractiveness, dress, script, same dealer, same car
- Ayres & Siegelman: initial quote for a new care by race and gender
oAsked more money from blacks and males
Movie true colors
- Why does discrimination exist?
- Why does stereotypes exist?
Origin of stereotypes
- Cognitive

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oCategorization: Hassidic Jews- black hats, black suits, beards, ringlet sideburns,
religious
oWhy categorize?
Infinite number of stimuli in environment
Limited capacity cognitive system
Essential part of learning
Occurs spontaneously
Stereotypes are traits associated with category
Can be useful in making predictions
Are based on a kernel of truth
Are fast and efficient
Over generalizations
- Categories world into in groups and out groups
oIn group: group in which we belong (US)
oOut group” group in which we do not belong (THEM)
- Categorizing accentuates inter-group differences
- Tend to think positive of in group (IG bias)
oCamp (minimal group)
- Tend to think of out group as all the same (OG homogeneity)
- Environmental
- Media portrayal: accurate depiction of reality? Or creating stereotypes
-Romer, Jamieson & deCoteau
-African-American are heavily presented in News stories about crime
oAccurate representation? Or Biased representation?
-TV News cannot report all criminals or victims; selectively samples
-Does the news emphasize one group vs. another for crime?
- How often are aa seen as perpetrators vs. victims
o They analyzed 11pm newscast on 3 stations in Philadelphia for 3 months
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