PSYC21H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Joint Attention, 18 Months, Language Development

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Published on 21 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC21H3
Professor
Lecture 7: Me, You, Us, Family, and Friends
30/10/12
Social development
- Development proceeds by a series of contradictions and expansions
Relationships can facilitate development by cultivating about the world as well as a
feeling of protection from it, which is a paradox - Relationships facilitate curiosity of
the world and creates a feeling of safety and security first paradox
Understanding others involves this paradox in which you can cycle between states of
identifying with the other and differentiating from them expand and open yourself
up to something else and then differentiating and contrast to what you know
- What makes the activity of understanding others flexible and rewarding vs. rigid and
threatening?
Threat that we do not know what the other persons motive is
The sense of self: development origins of self-concept
- Babies as young as 18 weeks of age will look at their reflection in a mirror but do not
realize that they are looking at themselves
- Rouge test as assessment of self-recognition Recognize own image by age 2 years
Development origins of joint attention
- Having a contingent interaction
- Insight to what other people of thinking about
- It’s a shared state of mind – precursor to sharing someone’s state of mind
- What is it?
Initiating joint attention
Person A looks at Person B and then point to an object
Responding to joint attention
Person B looks at the object
- What does it predict?
Language development
Imitation ability
More pro-social in their lives the more that children initiate joint attention
- How early?
Infants at 3 months discriminate between dyadic and joint attention interactions
Developing knowledge about others: early understanding of intentions and norms
- Age 1: understand that ppls actions are intentional and goal directed
- 18 months: recognize simple social norms
- End of second year: can describe scripts for social routines
Later understanding of mental status: Theory of mind
- Theory f mind: children’s understanding that ppl have mental states such as thoughts,
beliefs, and desires that affect their behaviour
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Document Summary

Lecture 7: me, you, us, family, and friends. Development proceeds by a series of contradictions and expansions. Threat that we do not know what the other persons motive is. The sense of self: development origins of self-concept. Babies as young as 18 weeks of age will look at their reflection in a mirror but do not realize that they are looking at themselves. Rouge test as assessment of self-recognition recognize own image by age 2 years. Insight to what other people of thinking about. It"s a shared state of mind precursor to sharing someone"s state of mind. Person a looks at person b and then point to an object. More pro-social in their lives the more that children initiate joint attention. Infants at 3 months discriminate between dyadic and joint attention interactions. Developing knowledge about others: early understanding of intentions and norms. Age 1: understand that ppls actions are intentional and goal directed.

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