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RLGA02H3 Lecture Notes - Monolatrism, Ketuvim, Torah

Course Code
David Perley

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May 23rd 12012
Ancient Religion
- The English word “religion” is different than “religion” in other languages.
- Rituals in ancient religion usually involve sacrifice (Abraham and his son).
- They have myths, or stories. They cannot be proved, but are important for religious traditions.
- Death and afterlife is a major part in many religions, and give people meaning and morals to
their life on earth.
- There is diversity in every religion. In Judaism for example, there is Orthodox and Reform. There
is “contestation” in religions, meaning differences and debates. There is no single founder
- It is monotheistic, meaning they believe in One God. God demanded Monolatry, meaning God
asked them to exclusively worship Him.
- Revelations are messages from God given to Prophets throughout time. The Torah can be called
the Hebrew Bible or the 5 Books of Moses -> Revelation. Revelations come at a particular point
in time.
Hebrew Bible
- The Torah contains 5 Books: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.
- The Pentateuch is another word for the 5 Books of Moses.
- Written in 200BCE.
- TNK is an acronym for Torah, Nevi’im (Prophets) and Ketuvim (Writings).
- Exhortation means to lecture people about what to do and what they’re doing wrong; and the
punishments ahead. Key component for Prophets.
- All stories leading up to Moses is Genesis. Story of Moses is called Exodus.
Sacred History
- 2 Creation Stories: “Cosmic” which is the creation of order out of chaos. Adam and Eve.
- Cosmic, we were all sort of created. Adam and Eve, we were very special and important.
- There was an agreement that God arranged with Adam and Eve, to which the apple shall not be
eaten. They break that rule, and are therefore punished. Not a covenant
- Noah was a pure soul in a world of evil and lack of boundaries. God decided to flood the earth
because the world lacked boundaries.
- Is a patriarch (father figure). Then Isaac, then Jacob.
- There was a Covenant, such as circumcision. As a signature, God orders Abraham to circumcise
him and all males.
- His name was Abram before the covenant, and then it changes to Abraham.
- Abraham has his first son Ishmael, then his second son Isaac (which he’s supposed to sacrifice).
- Isaac becomes the father of Hebrews.
- Ishmael becomes the father of Arabs.
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