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SOCA02H3 Lecture Notes - Hidden Curriculum, Delayed Gratification, Naimans

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Ivanka Knezevic

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Sociology Education
Mass education became necessary with industrialisation. It has been expanding ever since.
Usual explanation technological functionalism
Naiman: control of working class children
Knezevic: size enterprises necessitates a literate workforce who need not be trained face to face
It homogenizes knowledge, attitudes and values of the population
It also differentiates students
Despite its striving for meritocracy, it perpetuates inequality
School as an agent of socialisation
The school introduces students to the adult world: an impersonal setting in which universal
standards of achievement apply
School is probably the most meritocratic institution you will ever belong to
Use of extra functional criteria is deliberately limited: and
After admission, role of luck is small
Students learn both a formal curriculum of school subjects and a hidden curriculum standards of
behaviour that integrate them into the larger society
Hidden curriculum
Hidden curriculum has cognitive components and social components
Class bias of the hidden curriculum
Focus on intellectual work rather than manual work
Values of self-discipline, orderliness, deference to and cooperation with authority, conformity,
deferred gratification, independence (work without supervision). Motivation to achieve success.
Symbolic rewards
modelling: teachers and texts
results middle class students receive more praise and support
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