ANT100Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Medical Anthropology, Primatology, Scientific Method
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Lecture Two: Evolutionary Anthropology (1) September 20th, 2012
Professor is Shawn Lehman.
Office AP404, Tuesdays 2:00 – 3:00
Can take photographs of slides (no flash) PowerPoint’s will not be posted online.
Historical development of biological science:
Diversity of Life
Fundamental biological concepts
it’s about geology, water, climate and life
Watched the Symphony of Science
Application of modern evolutionary theory to study morphology, ecology, and behaviour of
human and non-human primates.
Studies wild animals
We (Homo Sapiens) have minor genetic differences from monkeys
Study of fossils
Spatial and temporal differences in people
skin colour, eye colour, etc.
How it influences health
Obese children vs. starving children, etc.
Skeletal remains; learn age, sex, stature, ancestry, etc.
“Why is evolution influencing us?”
looking for evolutionary records of us
(Stanley Gathered Few Trophies Racing Slow Rabbits) Scientific Method
4 Problems limited development theory:
Lack of knowledge of age of earth
Lack of scientific method
Religious belief of “evolution”
Age of Earth:
1650 Earth was created October 23rd, 4004 B.C.
Accepted because Church said it was a law
Challenging the age of the Earth and the belief was challenging the Church
Fixity of Species:
Created in Gods image
People could make up stuff without scientific proof
Sir Walter Raleigh (1595)
Separate Creation for Humans and Animals:
Religious doctrine that God created humans separate from animals
Carolus Linnaeus (Karl Von Linne) (1707 – 1778)
Georges – Louis Leclerc (1707 – 1788)
Jean Baptiste Lamarck (1744 – 1829)
Inheritance of acquired characteristics
Charles Darwin (1809 – 1882)
Struggle for existence
Variation in fitness
Inheritance of variation
“Why aren’t we perfect?”
Environments always changing
Charles Darwin didn’t coin “Survival of the Fittest” Herbert Spencer did
Alfred Russell Wallace (1823 – 1913)
Gregor Mendel (1822 – 1884)
Grew Pea Plants “Mendel’s Method”
Principles of Evolution