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Lecture

chiefdoms

3 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Janice Boddy

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march, 24/2011
anthropology
Chiefdom**
complex society- more hierarchy organize
one social organizational form---chiefdoms(typically straddle different environmental
niches ex. coast, inland)
leadership more formalized more permanent leaders get position through inheritance
(ascribed--they are not something one achieve through abilities but rather by birth order)
REDISTRIBUTION(flow in and then out) goods flow to a center then redistributed to the
populace through networks to kin)
chiefdoms
-large size
Example: Malenoski Trobriand island: matrilineal chiefdoms
Torbrian:
-chief is typically a man inherited position from mothers brother altho role is ascribed the
chief is often chosen amongst several potential chiefs (all decedents)...often chose
because of his people skills.
-chief his status might not last...if fails he can be replaced by another person from
lineage able to take over.
-slightly more formularized than the position of a big man( new Guinean no chief but a
skilled man rises to a position by managing to tie people together to him)
-chiefdom is often poor(cant keep things for himself)
-Surplus yams are produced for exchange and to feed to pigs(surplus to exchange and
store ex.yams stored--how can you store???store it in domesticated in animals (pigs)
therefore, pigs become wealth.
-Domestic animals store surpluses that would otherwise quickly perish=wealth
-Trobriandes exchange pigs in bride wealth to create and maintain relations between
clans.
where do we find chiefdom??
-once through pre colonial africa, the americas, pacific islands,central asia, premodern
europe
-varying degrees of hierarchy and differences of prestige and or wealth
-elaborate: were ranged from non complicated of chiefdoms to extreme completed
chiefdoms in Hawaii(nobility were distinguish from commoners by sumptuary rules
(some sort of food reserved for nobles), display, elaborate etiquette, restrictions on
language use. Paramount chief was a living god.
form of social organization a horticultural or pastoral society:
depends on availability of resources.
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Description
march, 242011 anthropology Chiefdom** complex society- more hierarchy organize one social organizational form---chiefdoms(typically straddle different environmental niches ex. coast, inland) leadership more formalized more permanent leaders get position through inheritance (ascribed--they are not something one achieve through abilities but rather by birth order) REDISTRIBUTION(ow in and then out) goods ow to a center then redistributed to the populace through networks to kin) chiefdoms -large size Example: Malenoski Trobriand island: matrilineal chiefdoms Torbrian: -chief is typically a man inherited position from mothers brother altho role is ascribed the chief is often chosen amongst several potential chiefs (all decedents)...often chose because of his people skills. -chief his status might not last...if fails he can be replaced by another person from lineage able to take over. -slightly more formularized than the position of a big man( new Guinean no chief but a skilled man rises to a position by managing to tie people together to him) -chiefd
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