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Lecture 10

ANT320H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Periodization Of Pre-Columbian Peru, Symbolic Capital, Trans-Cultural Diffusion


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT320H1
Professor
Edward Swenson
Lecture
10

Page:
of 3
KOSI EZE | 0999957630
QUESTIONS FOR SESSION 10: ANT320
- Goldstein’s article emphasizes the shift from stew eaters to maize drinkers. This centered
on the increase in the consumption of maize where Tiwanaku influence was popular.
Highlight the state ideologies mentioned by Goldstein. How did they have a
transformative effect on cultural practices and identities? Is it fair to say that these
ideologies affected the habitus and agency of the surroundings?
- The introduction of chicha / maize-based drink played a huge role in status differentiation
within the Andean prehistory (Goldstein, 2003). Used by local aggrandizers as a leverage
in chiefly feasting for symbolic capital. How does this affect the current notions of
commensality and sharing within the Andes?
- According to his article, what is meant ‘household archaeology’ (Janusek, 2008)?
Elaborate on some of the positive and negative effects of practicing this branch of
archaeology?
- What is meant by the acronym SAIS, what is its use? What does it replace? How did it
play a role in defining the Middle Horizon in Peruvian prehistory?
- There was thought to be a single wave of cultural diffusion coming from Tiahuanaco until
further studies accounted for Huari’s influence as well. How did the cultural / stylistic
horizons of the two territories impact their surroundings? Were there any distinctive
attributes that distinguished them further? What are some conclusions that can be made
about the relationship between the two as a result?
- Wari-style architecture and textile composition and their comparative study revealed the
multi-leveled meanings that can be held by these primary sources (Stone-Miller, McEwan
| 1990/1991). While both sources can be complementary, they can function on different
levels. What are some of the social implications that can result from emphasis on either
of the two sources? Was one more important than the other in impacting the social
dynamics of the Wari culture?
LECTURE | NOV.19TH
-Wari represent an expansionist and imperialist model. First state.
-Middle horizon associated with pan Andean socio polical…
THREE PRINCIPLE FEATURES
-Specialized/bureaucrac hierarchical administraon
-Labor taxed revenue system
-A legimizing ideology
WAR ADMINISTRATIVE ARCHITECTURE
-ACLIA – CHOSEN WOMEN like nuns.
PIKILLACTA FIGURINES
-Anita cook – Representaon of the di3erent ancestral ayllus
-McEwan – Chiefs of di3erent Andean sects
WARI AND INKA COMPARED
SHARED STRUCTURED AND INSTITUTIONS – hypothesized
-Vercal archipelago
-Agricultural reclamaon; high slope terracing
-Quipu based administraon
-State warehousijng system
-Imperial road system
-Mummy bundle curaons and open sepulchers
-Mita labout tax (inka mode of producon) and mitmae populaon relocaon (economies
colonies),]
-WARI D SHAPED TEMPLE
-Space of religious pracces
DIFFERENCES
-Di3erent between feasng landscapes between Wari and the Inka.
CAPACOCHA – SAFRICIE OF A YOUNG GIRL
CERRO EL PLOMO CHILE
ANDEANS STAFF GODS