509 to the 2nd century bce the early and middle republic. People in the neighbouring cities fighting over land and resources. As a result, rome expanded their territory but in a modest way. Capture of veii in 396 bce: veii, an etruscan city, mirrors rome as it too was gradually expanding, rome absorbed its people and some were sold off, absorbed into rome"s institution/government. Rome not confined to their city anymore; starting to expand to other places with resources. Rome likes absorbing rather than coexisting with other cities. In the 5th century bce, roman expansion was confined in latium. Samnites were tribal people located near latium: they equal rome, as they too were a growing society but they don"t possess a city, like rome. Samnite wars: first war: 343 to 341 bce. capua, in campania, was encroached by the samnites. capua-rome maintained their alliance: second war: 326-304 bce.