CLA233H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Loeb Classical Library, Inscriptiones Latinae Selectae, Arpino

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2 Mar 2013
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Lecture 6: Gender and Sexuality
January 24th, 2013
PPLD
- Pia = loyal, respectful.
i) Yet no actual definition doing what you need to do
- Pudica = chaste
i) Not with anyone other than your husband
- Lanifica = wool maker
- Domiseda = home sitter
R1: A model élite wife and mother
Stranger, what I have to say is not much; stand by and read it through.
Here is the tomb, no lovely thing, of a lovely woman.
Her parents named her Claudia.
She loved her husband with all her heart.
She produced two sons: of these
She leaves one on earth, the other she placed beneath the earth.
Pleasing in conversation, and also pleasing in her manner,
She looked after the house. She made wool. I have spoken, be gone.
Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (= CIL) I.2 1211
Tombs by the road
- One could read while travelling
- Her relationship with father, husband, sons = standard
- Implies PPLD
- We don’t know how many were happy but we know that affection can grow
i) No evidence, yet impossible even to obtain such evidence at the time
ii) Harmonious relationship
Aristocratic ideal carried down in the classes
(a) Affection is a bi-product
R2: A loving couple, former slaves
Lucius Aurelius Hermia, freedman of Lucius [Aurelius],
A butcher from the Viminal Hill.
She who has by destiny gone before me, my only wife,
Chaste in body, loving mistress of my heart,
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Lived faithful to a faithful husband, matching him in devotion,
With no bitterness between them, until she departed from her duty.
Aurelia, freedwoman of Lucius [Aurelius]
Dessau, Inscriptiones Latinae Selectae 7472
An emphasis on slaves couldn’t marry
- 2 possibilities: either with masters’ permission while he was a slave (she was
also) or after freed, seeks a wife
i) Difficult to determine
ii) Clue that they loved each other
iii) Wife dutiful and loyal
R3: A devoted husband
You cannot believe how much I miss you. I love you so much, and we are not used
to separations. So I stay awake most of the night thinking of you, and by day I find
my feet carrying me (a true word, carrying) to your room at the times I usually
visited you; then finding it empty I depart, as sick and sorrowful as a lover locked
out. The only time I am free from misery is when I am in court and wearing myself
out with my friends’ lawsuits. You can judge, then, what a life I am leading, when
I find my rest in work and distraction in troubles and anxiety.
Pliny the Younger, Letters 7. 5 (tr. Betty Radice, Loeb Classical Library)
Pliny lack of dignity?
- So besotted with mistress, dignity is lost Pliny
- Love locket set
i) Young male lover find out the wife is mean
Love poetry
Talks about himself as if he is love poet
(a) Determine his own dignitias
He spends his day as a roman should
(a) He mixes dignitias, traditions of aristocrats with love and a
different way of expressing it
(b) Difficult to determine what his wife’s character is really like
(i) Pliny often brags
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Document Summary

Pia = loyal, respectful: yet no actual definition doing what you need to do. Pudica = chaste: not with anyone other than your husband. Stranger, what i have to say is not much; stand by and read it through. Here is the tomb, no lovely thing, of a lovely woman. She loved her husband with all her heart. She leaves one on earth, the other she placed beneath the earth. Pleasing in conversation, and also pleasing in her manner, Her relationship with father, husband, sons = standard. We don"t know how many were happy but we know that affection can grow. Implies ppld: no evidence, yet impossible even to obtain such evidence at the time, harmonious relationship. Aristocratic ideal carried down in the classes (a) affection is a bi-product. She who has by destiny gone before me, my only wife, Chaste in body, loving mistress of my heart, Lived faithful to a faithful husband, matching him in devotion,

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