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Lecture 4

FAH341H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Financial Centre, Rialto Bridge, Confraternity

History of Art
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Week 4
Jan 28 2015
* = Brief description; (see corresponding slide on FADIS)
*Logetta of Sansavino, 1537
-Venice as free and just republic, inspiration for ducal palace. Central axis. Space intended for
nobility to come and meet, gossip, debate, negotiation. For more informal transactions.
Sometimes non-nobility would go there but it was pretty discouraged. !
*Venice represented as Justice, on central arch of the Leggett in Venice
-image of Justice sitting on throne of St. Mark. Jacopo Sansovino designed some of the
*roundel from facade of ducal palace
-her dominion is the water, subjects squashed underneath are the conquered. At this time it
was by large a maritime empire. 100 years later it was becoming also a land based empire, in
mid/late 15th C. !
*corner of ducal palace - Judgement of Solomon group view. 1424.
-iconic justice image, meant to be read as Venice as a republic exercises its power with the
wisdom of Solomon!
*Veroneze painting, Venice between Justice and Peace
-Quote from nobleman to Doge, 1521 (on slide).
-true it was run by rich nobility, but the power was shared. The Doge was by far a rhetorical
figure, didn’t have absolute power like other princes around Italy.
-Duration of Venetian republic, the long stability due to little internal conflict
-Venice was still in war with other states but there was inner peace, and citizens had many
-Venice was more relaxed with prostitution
-tolerated questioning of Catholic dogma
-Jews came to Venice as well
-Personal, sexual, and political victory
-Venice was proud that it had never been conquered
-1520s - Milan & Lombardy protector of Spain, Naples & Sicily were colonies of Spain,
Florence surrendered to imperial troops of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, ____ Controlled
by Habsburg’s etc.
-Lack of domestic strife. In contrast, the Medicis were exiled like 3 times
*Map: Benedetto Bordone, Vinegia, 1528
-maps give us vital info about source of freedom from being conquered.
-While other italian cities protect themselves with walls, while Venice has the protection go
water and its awesome navy
-paradox of water, a wild open thing as a protector was foreign to Renaissance way of thinking
-they don't even lock/close the gates at night (Sanudo quote)
-see also inscription on Magistrate all Acque 1533.
*Doge’s palace, Venice
- architectural consequences of a city at peace, no need for protection from outsiders or even
insiders (such as powerful families competing for power). In Venice the families were already
in power and becoming Doge wouldn't give you much power anyway.
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Week 4
Jan 28 2015
*Palazzo Vecchio exterior View
*Doge’s Palace Facade
-floating on water
-sets a different mood, different colouring. Most would use rustication like at the !
*Palazzo Medici
*Ca del Duca
-Venice moved away from coloured marble for facade of palaces
-didn't go to art tones of tuscan or roman architecture, replaced it with quote Istrian stone.
White facade is like a screen to project the coloured reflections off of the water.
-one exception is Ca del Duca. Started in a rusticated, Tuscan style. Built for ambassador from
Milan. Conspicuously meant to be a foreign architectural style.
-Serlio: “they (the venetians) say that the tuscan manner is suitable to fortified places such as
city gates, fortresses, castles, treasuries, or where ammunition is kept, prisons, seaports, and
other similar structures used in war.” This is a criticism of Florence, that used it everywhere.
-Most famous use of justification FOR Venetian government, is the:
*Zecca, Sansovino, 1536
-the mint.
-Venetian economy was really strong. So the mint was more than a place for making coins, it
was a statement of economic power.
-to use rustication here, maybe had 2 meanings. Security of economy and that behind the
facade it was a foundary, so the building had to be very sturdy to sustain this industrial
-Neighbouring, also by Sansovino: a library. Corinthian, more ornate.
*Zecca detail
*Palazzo Farnese, Rome
*Palazzo Dolfin-Manin, Sansovino
-early/mid career. time when symmetry from 15th C-early 16th was gone. Use of color was
gone. Still acknowledgment by the windows from the earlier generation of venetian
architecure, esp. the size of the windows competing to the wall.
*Cristoforo Sabbatino, map of Venice 1557
-venetians became highly attuned to the visual clues to what you can do with the water, not
just a pretty surface. Had to know how to navigate that shit
*Campanile (top)
-from Vicellios costume book.
-bell tower
-angel = 16 ft. tall. Like a landmark for Venice for sailors coming in.
-Point orientation, a lighthouse effect, first thing you see when you come into the lagoon. ‘
-Vicellio - upper tower covered with gold so that when the sun strikes it it can be seen from
farther away.
-other bell towers made with white stone, served same function as orientation points.
-*San pietro castello bell tower
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