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Lecture 5

FCS195H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Moulin De La Galette, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism


Department
French
Course Code
FCS195H1
Professor
Papillon
Lecture
5

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FCS195 – Lecture 5 11-11-20 8:13 PM
Post-impressionism is not a movement per se.
Impressionist visions & post-impressionists
Édouard Manet
Édouard Manet is the beginning of Impressionism (his first paintings are not
impressionist yet)
Olympia (1863)
The woman is not Venus (the god) and it was therefore ok to be
naked and she is not an odalisque
The woman in the painting also depicted a famous actress at the
time
That woman played in a play called Olympia and her character is a
woman who plays men for money
Impressionism focuses very much on the play of light and some
parts of her body look almost erased
Luncheon on the grass (1863)
Refuses to choose what is more important (from a perspective POV)
and chooses to go against the idea of people in the back of the
frame are “less important”
Was considered indecent because a naked woman was eating with
dressed men
Impressionists choose to depict small things that were somewhat
“less important”
The Balcony (1869)
Shows the lady putting on a glove (this was considered
unimportant)

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A bar at the folies-bergère (1882)
This is entirely impressionist
It is not considered a portrait because there is more behind her
They want to capture the idea of a place
There is a contrast because the woman is tired and bored and
everyone else is having fun
Impressionists do not care about lines, they will use much larger
brush strokes
Claude Monet
Because of Impression sunrise, a critic coined the term
“impressionism” because we only saw the impression of a sunrise
but we do not see a real sunrise, it is too blurry
Impression sunrise (1872)
Nothing is recognizable per se but we can recognize a few things
Haystacks (1891)
Interested in the light and how light reflects on it
We see the haystack express emotions due to the different ways it
is depicted
Rouen Cathedral (1894)
Made 20 different ones
You can see how the light/weather affects the cathedral
Darker colours = sadness light colours = happy
Impressions
Catching a fleeting sensation
o Imminent disappearance sunrise or sunset

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o Because of imminent disappearance, you needed to paint it
very fast
o They would paint small canvases because it was hard to paint
a huge canvas very quickly
Analogy between the painted subject and the painting style
o Speed of execution
Personal vision of a constantly changing reality
o Importance of observation
It is not what is depicted that is important but the emotions that
are conveyed due to the way it is portrayed
Houses of parliament (1904)
Waterlilies (1916-1919)
They are interested in painting the way they see it sometimes
your sense of space is distorted and they will not try to fix it
Shaking up the salon (1863)
More then half of the paintings submitted to the Salon were
declined
There were riots and a second salon was opened and called the
“Salon des Refusés” this “Salon des Refusés” actually saw more
people then the salon because they seemed much more interesting
since they were declined
Auguste Renoir
Much more urban then Monet
La Loge (The watch) (1874)
Contrast with the light is stricking
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