FCS195H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Quintette Du Hot Club De France, Édith Piaf, Django Reinhardt

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Published on 21 Nov 2011
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FCS195 – Lecture 9 11-11-20 8:08 PM
Paris by night – Music and the expatriates
Black Paris – 1930s
Black Paris = period of immigration with an African-American presence
Law in the USA was not favourable for Blacks and they came to France
because they were more accepted.
During WW1 the USA sent troops over and some soldiers did not want to
go back home after they experienced life in France.
Although discrimination still existed in Paris, they were not persecuted as
much
Bricktop (Ada Smith) and Augusta Savage were artists that went to Paris to
practice their art.
African-Americans were viewed as exotic by the French.
Joséphine Baker
She was an African-American woman.
Born in USA and went to Paris to continue her career.
Plaid with the idea of primitively and jungle themes.
She wore a “banana skirt” to play on the ideas of how people viewed Blacks
as “primitive”.
She sang in English and French.
Expatriates: African-American people who decided to stay in Paris.
In her song “J’ai deux amours” (I have two lovers), she speaks about how
she loves Paris and her country (The USA). this was meaningful to the
expatriate community at the time.
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Jazz and France
Jazz was coming to France
The great migration Southern African-Americans migrated North from the
Southern USA and became artists. they created a new African-American
identity
This led to the “New Negro Renaissance” and the “Harlem Renaissance”
When Jazz came to Europe:
Unease because it was foreign
Attractive because it was foreign and exotic
Jazz was very criticized as being “wild” and “untamed” and, depending on
the critic, it was either viewed as positive and negative.
When the French create their jazz, it will not be primitive. Instead it will be
“tame”, “rational” and “civilized”
this led to “white jazz”, “symphonic jazz” and “straight jazz”
They thought that because they liked it, it had to be French and they
found some French connection and linked it to Louisiana (because there
were French populations there)
Django Reinhardt
Very well-known guitarist
He is a gypsy who tried to famous by playing in bars
Suffered injuries and learned to play guitar with 3 fingers on one of
his hands
He eventually joins the “hot club” and plays “hot jazz” which was
considered to be Black jazz and “untamed”.
Manouche = a group of gypsies that plaid Jazz
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Document Summary

Paris by night music and the expatriates. Black paris = period of immigration with an african-american presence. Law in the usa was not favourable for blacks and they came to france because they were more accepted. During ww1 the usa sent troops over and some soldiers did not want to go back home after they experienced life in france. Although discrimination still existed in paris, they were not persecuted as much. Bricktop (ada smith) and augusta savage were artists that went to paris to practice their art. African-americans were viewed as exotic by the french. Born in usa and went to paris to continue her career. Plaid with the idea of primitively and jungle themes. She wore a banana skirt to play on the ideas of how people viewed blacks as primitive . Expatriates: african-american people who decided to stay in paris.

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