Lecture 6 - Cities of Greater Middle East
- It is very stretched across, and has many countries that border wit asia, europe and africa.
- Many national, lingustic and cultral differences are seen in Middle East.
- It is impossible to talk about the cities of this region, witout talking about islam first. The cities that were influenced by the
islam, the mosque,
- Total Populatioon, 429 million
- Percent urban - 58.7%
-Annual urban growth rate: 2.2 %
- Most urbanized countries: Kuwait; Bahrain; Qatar
- Least urbanized countries: Tajikistan, Yemen, Kyrgystan
3 large cities World Cities
- Cairo - Istanbul
- Istanbul - Cairo
- Teheran - Jerusalem
- Its big complicated region,
Middle east as a region
- Very complex region and hard to generalize
- Role of Islam in making this region
-Three realms or sub-regions
- Turkic (language group and culture
-Arabic (more like centre spread
- Persian (
- These coutnreis associated with language and culture, and lots of sub-division that occur in Islam itself.
- Influence of natioanl culture is important at complicating this region
- there different culture overlap, that sort of associate with religion and language
The importance of physical geography
- Water - is been very impotant, to determine the issues of growth
- Historically determines location of cities (rivers and seaports)
- More recently has been subject to conflict
- Harnessing it has been symbolic of modernity in Middle East
- source of wealth and conflict - Had uneven event on this region. Has drawn a big connection between the cities, it has
attracted growth and population. The higher urbanization rates are those countries that are fueled by Oil wealth.
- Factor in urban form
The earliest Known cities
- The earliest cities were very tied to agricutral growth, the sense that at that time there was transitional agricultral practises
to cities, that occurs in this region, Cities created innovations where lots of smart people came together and there we saw a
shift in this region, where according to some archeologist, cities that existed long ago.