HIS220Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Germanic Kingship, Cupid, Chief Operating Officer

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Published on 21 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
History
Course
HIS220Y1
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of 3
Ancient Israel themes
kingship comes from god
anointment
god can withdraw legitimacy from kings
they do horrible htings but everyone thinks theyre necessary
greece and rome: freedom and tyranny
harmodius and aristogeiton vs hipparchus and hippias
no shoes on sculpture= hero
athens—heavy language that avoids tyrants
all powers of state in teh hands of one perosn
classical athens in time of democracy—regularly right names on potter shards of ppl most liekly
to stage a coo, exile htese people
sparta had 2 kings—hard to kill both and leave htem leaderless, and makesure noone ahs
unlimited power
eastern depotent
view of ancient persia—how it was spoken of—1 ruler whose power is so great everyone
elses slaves beneath you
Alexandrer the great broke this down
value system continues with kings who claim to be a living god
Rome and Kings
roman word for king is rex—avoid calling someone a king although same role
harkland the proud—trusting king kicked out after events portayed on slide—portrayal of rape
of lycrecia
rapest son of king—sees the queen in the window, immediatly wants her, manipulates events to
be alone with her and rapes her—in second half she tells husband and kills her self to save her
honour
men have no choice but avenge whats been done to her—brutus who kills ceasar is named after
this ghuy
the guy who kicks out kings and roman republic begins
roman republic structured so no person can monopolize power in their hands—too people with
executive power
system of checks and balances inr epublic doesnt work—end up wtih empire and first of these is
augustus—even though when you read a history bookk—ceasar seized ontrol of rome marched
troops into—when about to announce himself king, senators stab him to death
adopted son octavian or augusts, gets complete control of rome, goes out of his way to never claim to
be a king and that he wasnt going to be on—calls it a princep—first citizen—senate regular
process still has governors, one guy in charge
historian call its emperor
from the wordd imperator—military leader leading city decisions
not a king just a common citizen—hes a ocnsul for many years, hes just a regular citizen which
he has power of tribune—statue cupid-- and barfoot—descendant of venus—had this statue
portray him self as a god and his divine ancestry but not a king
greek and roman law kings are bad—associated with othe rppls in greek in roman world—
barbarian style—avoid being recognized as a king in the case of a roman government
germanic kingship
map—be suspicious
kings in germanic model very weak
consentred to powerful ppl underneath them
semi divine ancestry
list of possible contenders—semi preistly functions and sacral role of some kind
theyre primary role is war and leadership in war
when wars and rituals arent happening he stays out
get it from medeval period
Clovis (466-511) from merivingian family, not first of the family but the son of childaric the
first, and his father is potentially some guy called merovich—where they get his name—
merovih is a sea monster—mother swimming in body of water and had an encounter with a
being there—clovio actually the husband—but want divine being in background of king
clovis gets empire sets up and becomes a chirstian king of what becomes france
issue with merovingians is succession and inheritance
not passed down in tact—its divided (slide)--every merovingian becomes a king—each son
gets something, kingdom constantly divided and when they kill eachother its put back
together
over time one group or beurocrat gets mroe powerful
charlemagnes family comes from
pepper le short—752 opposes last merivingian
when crowned king in place of merovingian hes annointed
merovingians were royal and divine—the carolingians were not
to establish legitimacy htey fall back on old testiment model
person who okays overthrow is the pope
is it right that someone whose powerless should run the show
pope needed his support and agreed with him and then pepeleshort shows upw ith an army
peppens son charlemagne enlarges the outcome—ends up being crowned emperor, and
carries on the tradition of roman empires
person comfortable claiming hteir a king
empire divided still follow same inheritance system
charlemagne only has 1 son by coincidence, and his son has 3 kids
starts to look like europe today: the bald, lothair louis the german looks like france and german
and patchwork mess of switzerland and such
only deal wih west kingdom carolingian powers decrease dramatically—king to ensure
loyalty of vassals has to give out rewards—whats teh greatest thing to reward vassels
with? Land
start to make your self weaker and weaker
for charlemagne model worked for a bit—start to cannibalize self and own assets eventually
by late 10th century, kings extremely weak and replaced by leading men of kingdom who
vote on who they want to be king and choose “qubey”
first of the capetian kings
this family will be kings of france tomorrow with henry the seond
position of capetians not stronger than those they replaced thats why theyre chosen
map “france 12c” -- dark green king of france—all held by vassels of the king
demense land—what the king holds
how frnch kings change this map in 12 adn 13th centuries
side questions
when country is close to destruction you can take dictator power over a tempporary crisis
caesar did this thats how he was going to sneak in as dictator