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Lecture

HIS263Y1 Lecture Notes - Logic Puzzle, Wrinkle, 18 Months


Department
History
Course Code
HIS263Y1
Professor
Heidi Bohaker

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Lec 8 The Seven Years War 03/10/2013 10:01:00 AM
Turbulent period from 1754-1815
War was a constant feature of life
Three distinct periods of war in this time
How did war shape Canada and US?
Wars are crucial, the outcomes have shaped the country we live in
today, out political institutions
1756 1763 = seven years war
this war was the world first global war
French Indian war is referring to a part of the seven years war and
it includes two earlier years
1763 peace that doesn’t long this long
American revolution from 1776 1783
Third conflict = war of 1812 from 1812- end of 1814
Seven years war is not just in American colonies, also fought in the
Caribbean, Europe
Britain:
Pop 6 million
American Colonies 1 million
Army 1:10 French
Navy 130 ships, 3 ships for every 1 French ship
Reg troops in colony 27000
France
French Pop 22 million
New France 55 000
Navy 57 ships on the line
Army: 10 French for one British
Regular troops in colony 6700
Initial French success
Early defeats of the English, 1755
o British seemed to be disorganized in prior battle times
o French had many tactics, attacking at night in small groups
Governor vaudreuil’. Plan of attack

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o Governor of new France at the time
o He was the military commander
o His plan was to used this indigenous way of war what
Europeans called sulking way of war and it worked very
effectively
Conflict with Montcalm
o By 1756 there’s a new wrinkle in the plan that is going to
pamper new France’s ability to fight conflict
o French set over very experienced military commanders, and
is now in charge
o He takes back many POW’s
o bit of logic problem, new France had crop problem that year
and it was hard to take care of those people
o Montcalm was his name?
o Montcalm favoured a defensive strategy
o by 1756 England and France are officially at war
Siege of fort William henry, 1757
o French seized the fort form the English
o French destroyed the fort
o Montcalm offers full honours
Have to promise you wont fight the French for 18
months and you can keep your personal stuff
o British general Amherst is so upset when he hears about this
that when Britain is successful in the war they want nothing
to o with the first nations
o Aboriginal allies get very upset and this is a tipping point
The Tide Turns (in favour of British)
William pit and diverging forces
o New prime minister in Britain and is determined to enhance
British empire
o He see north America as crown jewel to Britain
Britain takes Louisburg, 1758
o Took Louisburg again and cut of supply line of French supplies
reaching new France
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