HIS263Y1 Lecture Notes - Athabaskan Languages, Smallpox

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HIS263 Sept 16
Optimism and pride in English speaking Canadians
o Pro imperialism
o The British Empire as the vehicle of scientific, technological,
economic, political and legal progress
o Aboriginal societies seen as unchanging, timeless, and primitive
! Opposite is true: they are very complex and sophisticated
o Various changes seen through North America
The Lay of the Land
o Population, original settlement, disease
Population circa 1500
o North America and South America as a whole: 100 Million
o North America: 500,000 2 million
o Pacific coast 200,000 +
o How did they get there?
o Diversity: different stories of creation and where people came from
Original Settlement
o Archeological view: 50,00 10,000 years ago, people of Asiatic
descent arrived in America through Beringia the land bridge
o 50 different linguistic groups in North America
! actually 12 groups, but dialects make a difference
o mostly along Pacific coast
! agriculture and access to fishing
Disease
o Disease from other parts of the world unknown to Aboriginals
o Changed when Europeans came
o Small pox and measles
! 95% of population wiped out
Before the arrival of colonizers circa 1500
o Huge changes on North America
o Southern Ontario and Western new York
! Sparsely populated
! hunted for survival
! end of ice age and warm weather brought changes
! global, demographic, social, economic, environmental
! forest replaced tundra
! deer replaced caribou
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

Sept 16: optimism and pride in english speaking canadians, pro imperialism, the british empire as the vehicle of scientific, technological, economic, political and legal progress, aboriginal societies seen as unchanging, timeless, and primitive. actually 12 groups, but dialects make a difference: mostly along pacific coast. agriculture and access to fishing: disease, disease from other parts of the world unknown to aboriginals, changed when europeans came, small pox and measles. 95% of population wiped out: before the arrival of colonizers circa 1500, huge changes on north america, southern ontario and western new york. end of ice age and warm weather brought changes. global, demographic, social, economic, environmental forest replaced tundra. deer replaced caribou www. notesolution. com fishing became common. other groups came: north american aboriginals, northwestern coast (haida, tsimshian) hunting and fishing: north eastern coast (algonquin: mi"qmaq, ojibwa; iroquois:

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