NMC103 - 12.03.13 - Turkic peoples and cultures

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Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
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Maria Subtelny

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NMC103H1S Turkic peoples and cultures 12/03/13 The sons of (Tamerlane) from a Turko-Mongolian genealogy Terms: Turk, Turkic, Turkish • “Turk”— (become an) ethnic term • ”Turkic”—linguistic term, referring to languages belonging to ALTAIC group o very diff to Iranian languages—Indo-European (English, German, Spanish, etc.) o Mongols • “Turkish”—Ottoman Turkish and modern language and state of Turkey o Turkey ‘Turkish’ Turks migrate into Islamic world → from Eurasian Steppe (Qipchaq Steppe) N of Caspian Sea, where they are Islamized by missionaries th migrate to C Asia, Middle E (*11 c.) ~27 Turkic languages ‘mamluk’ = slave → became core of ‘mamluk Dynasty’ → unique political construction Turks and Iranians • Symbiotic relationship b/w Turk (nomad) and Tajik (sedentary Iranian), though they were quite stringent in characteristic • Epitomized by Old Turkic proverb o Turks have many pithy (short, meaningful) proverbial sayings o Tatsiz Turk bolmas, bashsiz bork bolmas There is no Turk without an Iranian, just as there is no hat without a head o illustration of their close relationship → close proximity, traded things they needed from each other o resulted in acculturation, usually in direction of the Iranian, though there was some ‘Turkicization’ in some parts of world (Azerbaijan, Anatolia, C Asia) • Social organization → role of women o sedentary women were veiled
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