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NMC103H1 Lecture Notes - Animism, Ghaznavids, Safavid Dynasty

Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
Course Code
Maria Subtelny

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NMC103H1S Turkic peoples and cultures
The sons of (Tamerlane) from a Turko-Mongolian genealogy
Terms: Turk, Turkic, Turkish
“Turk”— (become an) ethnic term
”Turkic”—linguistic term, referring to languages belonging to
ALTAIC group
overy diff to Iranian languages—Indo-European (English,
German, Spanish, etc.)
“Turkish”—Ottoman Turkish and modern language and state of
oTurkey ‘Turkish’
Turks migrate into Islamic world from Eurasian Steppe (Qipchaq
Steppe) N of Caspian Sea, where they are Islamized by missionaries
migrate to C Asia, Middle E (*11th c.)
~27 Turkic languages
‘mamluk’ = slave became core of ‘mamluk Dynasty’ unique
political construction
Turks and Iranians
Symbiotic relationship b/w Turk (nomad) and Tajik (sedentary
Iranian), though they were quite stringent in characteristic
Epitomized by Old Turkic proverb
oTurks have many pithy (short, meaningful) proverbial
oTatsiz Turk bolmas, bashsiz bork bolmas
There is no Turk without an Iranian, just as there is no hat
without a head
oillustration of their close relationship close proximity,
traded things they needed from each other
oresulted in acculturation, usually in direction of the Iranian,
though there was some ‘Turkicization’ in some parts of
world (Azerbaijan, Anatolia, C Asia)
Social organization role of women
osedentary women were veiled
oimportant political role sometimes took over for sons
Acculturation (taking on Persian sedentary culture)
otowards end of 15th century, Turkic ruler, near end of
Islamic dominance entertained (depiction)
Culture and characteristics
- Loyalty to clan was paramount for all tribal peoples (e.g., Turks)
- Great concern for knowledge of own genealogy
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