Soe are divided into national level (huge soes) for instance, major steel companies, and national banks. These soes are ruled by national chinese government: china petroleum corporations. Provincial level soes owned by provinces and large in nature. Municipal level soes (shanghai and beijing as example) County level soes (even though small can have a couple hundred people employed) There are three phases of soes: collectivist pre-reform period late 70s and early 80s. Unit) pension was provided by dan wei as well. (provides a sense of identity) Dan wei system played multiple functions: political/administrative body that extended party control to the urban grass roots level: indoctrining party ideology to its workers. Economic/social welfare housing, healthcare, pensions to members of this community. People who work in the dawei are taken care of by the dai wei: cradle to grave system. Collective identity aside from collective identity, the system also impeded labor mobility. Since social welfare was not portable across dan.