POL101Y1 Lecture Notes - Indira Gandhi, Shiromani Akali Dal, Khalistan Movement

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Published on 22 Apr 2013
School
Course
Week 17 Ethnic and Secessionist Conflict II Regional and Secessionist Crises in India
February 4, 2013
Agenda
-these conflicts are key to India’s federal structure
-ethnic b/c they contain an ethnic component in addition to demands for greater sovereignty
-regional and successionist conflicts
-political demands for self determination
-Overlap between ethnicity and demands for greater autonomy
-a brief overview of some key conflicts
Recap of India’s federal structure
-federal system
-28 states, 7 union territories
-separation of responsibilities between the union gov’t and the states
-states are broadly organized on linguistic lines
-linguistic reorganization thought to have quelled potential secessionist conflicts
-accommodation of demands and formation of new states
-linguistic reorganization under Nehru (1956)
-creation of new states in 2000
-empirically, the system does have enough flexibility to accommodate certain demands
-current demands
-subregional demands to split up Maharashtra or Andhra Pradesh into sub states
-how centralized is Indian federalism?
-formal features point to considerable centralization
-eg. President’s rule, fiscal federalism
-trajectory of politics and leadership styles/tactics
-accommodation and management of demands for regional autonomy
-Gandhi mismanagement of federal conflicts
Background of regional and secessionist demands
-regional and secessionist demands
-center-state relations
-political demands for greater self-determination
-links with ethnicity
-demands over time
-increasing number since 1960s
-“manageable” and “troubled” cases (manor 2001)
Conflicts and political management
-Andhra Pradesh
-inter-related agitations prior to 1952
-Hyderabad, Andhra, and Telangana
-three tiers of demands (national - hyderabad, regional andhra, subregional telangana)
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Document Summary

These conflicts are key to india"s federal structure. Ethnic b/c they contain an ethnic component in addition to demands for greater sovereignty. Overlap between ethnicity and demands for greater autonomy. Separation of responsibilities between the union gov"t and the states. Linguistic reorganization thought to have quelled potential secessionist conflicts. Accommodation of demands and formation of new states. Empirically, the system does have enough flexibility to accommodate certain demands. Subregional demands to split up maharashtra or andhra pradesh into sub states. Accommodation and management of demands for regional autonomy. Three tiers of demands (national - hyderabad, regional andhra, subregional telangana) Late 1960s congress managed to quell the telangana agitations through a series of. Creation of a separate dravidian state outside the indian union. Movement started as an anti-brahmin caste demands under the british. Under independence moved to a more regional nationalist movement. Demands on the basis of caste to dravidian identity to language.

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