PSY280H1 Lecture Notes - Achromatopsia, Statistical Hypothesis Testing, Change Blindness

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Published on 17 Jul 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY280H1
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oIs above the other three boxes b/c it can have its effect at many different points in the process.
oPerception gives us knowledge about the world, but we also bring existing knowledge to
perception
Rat-man demonstration shows how recently acquired knowledge can influence
perception.
Long ego learned knowledge influences the categorizing of objects.
oBottom – up processing - data-based processing is based on incoming data
Incoming data always provides the starting point of perception because without incoming
data there is no perception.
oTop-down processing – knowledge-based processing - the processing that is based on knowledge
History: Greek philosophy
-Metaphysics:
oWhat is the world made of?
oMonism
Materialism
Idealism
oDualism
If both mind and matter exist, how are they connected?
-Epistemology:
oWhat do we know and how do we gain knowledge?
oRationalism
a priori truths
gain knowledge through reasoning and deduction
oEmpiricism
a posteriori truths
gain knowledge through observation and induction
Greek philosophers:
-Socrates (470-399 BC)
owe are reminded of what we already know
-Plato (437-347 BC)
-material is imperfect
-Truth arises only from thought
-The Cave: The Republic (Plato)
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Document Summary

Www. notesolution. com: is above the other three boxes b/c it can have its effect at many different points in the process, perception gives us knowledge about the world, but we also bring existing knowledge to perception.  rat-man demonstration shows how recently acquired knowledge can influence perception.  long ego learned knowledge influences the categorizing of objects: bottom up processing - data-based processing is based on incoming data. Incoming data always provides the starting point of perception because without incoming data there is no perception: top-down processing knowledge-based processing - the processing that is based on knowledge. Metaphysics: what is the world made of, monism. Epistemology: what do we know and how do we gain knowledge, rationalism a priori truths gain knowledge through reasoning and deduction, empiricism a posteriori truths gain knowledge through observation and induction. Socrates (470-399 bc: we are reminded of what we already know.