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Lecture 11

SOC101Y1 Lecture 11: Sexuality

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Christian O.Caron

    SOC101 – INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY th Nov 30 , 2016 Lecture 11 – Sexuality Gender revolution since 1960s (continued from last class) - Women’s employment increased dramatically - Birth control became widely available o More choices women can make for themselves - Undergraduate college majors desegregated substantially - More women than ever got doctorates as well as professional degrees in law, medicine, and business - Many kinds of gender discrimination in employment and education became illegal - Women entered many previously male-dominated occupations Changing Attitudes - Kathleen Gershon’s study on young adults’ attitudes o Most young men and women want a committed relationship with a partner who would share paid work and family caretaking equitably  Deep and realistic fears that time demanding jobs, a dearth of childcare and family-leave options and their own high standard for an intimate would place their ideal scenarios out of reach Doing Gender (Candace West & Don Zimmerman (1987) ) - The (often unconscious) activity of managing one’s conduct in a way that is consistent to what is generally appropriate to one sex’s category o Doing behaviours that are attached to these labels - An achieved status: something that can be actively accomplished Social Construction of S-E-X - Sex Is not something just innate, something we instinctively know; it is something we learn about as we grow into adulthood – has a strong cultural context o Fundamentally a social enterprise o Access to countless information online o Differences in the social constructions of sex is contributed to all the changes with the easier access of information - What is ‘sex’, what is ‘normal, when, with whom, how long, under what conditions, and to what purpose are learned from various agents of socialization Sexual Orientation - Identification of individuals as heterosexual, bisexual, homosexual, or other based on their emotional and sexual attractions, relationships, self identity, and lifestyle - Heterosexuals o Predominantly attracted to members of the other sex - Homosexuals o Members of the same sex - Bisexuals o Attracted to both sexes - Gay – often refers to a male homosexual, lesbian often refers to a female homosexual What’s in a name? - ‘1940s-1950s: ‘Gay’ emerged to refer to both men and women homosexuals - 1960s-1970s: ‘Lesbian’ emerged as identification of gay women - 1990s-2000s: ‘Bisexual” and ‘Transgender’ were added to form GLBT - Individuals and groups sometimes need new words or letters to describe emerging identities and social roles – no single correct term     o Salient part of their lives, how people treat them in their lives  Tension, pressure, stigmatization, marker of difference attached to it - LGBTQQAP ( lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, asexual, and pansexual) o Not only how people identify themselves, but how people identify others – along with it comes how they treat them (includes reducing them, harassment, hate..) Operationalization in Action: Sexual Orientation - Each of these contributes to a person’s sexual orientation: o 1. Sexual behaviour o 2. Sexual fantasies o 3. Emotional attachments o 4. Sexual self-concepts Who is homosexual? 1. Either homosexual or heterosexual person 2. Kinsey and his continuum based on behavior (from exclusively heterosexual to exclusively homosexual) 3. Klein and his sexual orientation grid (sexual attraction, sexual behaviour, sexu
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