SOC101Y1 Lecture Notes - George W. Bush, Nuclear Family, Gender Role

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15 Jan 2011
School
Department
Course
Professor
Families & the State (July 20)
For Exam:
1) How Bush government promotes traditional nuclear family (just single type)
2) Debate on how much should government intervene life of single moms=> based on nuclear
family ideology and gender role (man in the house), they dont get financial assistance
3) Immigrant family: what kind of family is allowed (those who were not considered as citizens
before) => based on ideology of nuclear family, economic gain/pain => try to minimize the cost
Families and the state
State: public domain // Family: private domain (fundamental functions that cannot be replaced with
anything)
The state regards the family as the major social institution and the very basic unit providing economic,
physical and emotional support to individuals and socializing children.
The state involves in family life in many ways: e.g. requires the registration of marriage, births and
deaths; legalizes marriage and divorce; collects and refunds tax, and provides income security and
social assistance, and etc.
Marriage movement
Major reasons
I.Ideal fertility is 2.5, but Canadian women have 2.1 (aging society)
II.Huge portion of single moms = need assistance
III.To promote ideal traditional nuclear family
Different perspectives
I.The progressive scholars and policy makers: as a matter of social justice
II.The conservatives: providing social benefits to individuals without increasing governmental
intervention
III.Others: the sensitivity of governmental intervention into the private domain
IV.Practical reason: families are more effective in rearing healthy children with governments
assistance
Assumptions to support the governmental interventions to marriage
I.Family functioning affects individuals, and stable marriages tend to improve family functioning
II.Core societal needs can only be provided in a family context, not by the government
III.The family provides a good atmosphere for raising healthy social members
IV.Marriage as an institution confers benefits upon children and adults, which cannot be replicated
by social programs and legal mandates
The implementation of the marriage movement
I.At three levels: the local, state and federal
II.The roles of different social sectors
The academic (research and premarital education)
The private (conferences on marital quality)
The public (the legislative and executive and the funds)
The religious communities
III.Interventions at different key stages of the family process
preparation for marriage
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