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JANUARY 30.docx

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University of Toronto St. George

JANUARY 30 “Class, status, party” true or false Economically conditioned power is identical with power as such (95) FALSE Classes are not communities (groups united by kinship or a sense of belonging (95) TRUE Class situation: the typical chance for a supply of goods, external living conditions, and personal life experiences TRUE Property and lack of property are NOT the basic categories of all class situations (96) FALSE Class interest is relatively unambiguous (97) FALSE Propertied and propertyless people cannot belong to the same status group (99) FALSE Unlike the actions of classes and status groups the communal actions of parties always means a societalization (organized group action) (100) TRUE SIMMEL Hannah Arendt (1906-75) - “Violence can always destroy power”  Coercion – using force or threatening to use force/getting people to comply b/c you’re threatening  Look at paradoxes of power  if you are a powerful person using violence to threaten someone – the paradox is that you can only get them to do something if you maintain their life. Once that person is badly injured or killed, the powerful loses power in the sense that with the death of ths peron or if they get hurt, its no longer to extract something from them  Starting point for his premise was like Weber  Weber – power is the ability to realize one’s will despite the resistance of someone else  Power is a 2 way relationship/certain amount of negotiation  Subordinate – someone under the power of someone else/are the weaker  P181 – “domination is a form of interaction” NOT action  *Understand interaction b/w those who dominate and those who are dominated (relationships b/w them) o the will of the subordinate person matters  (181) “the subordinate is not nearly passive material acted upon” o Interpreting world is own way without the dominated views of others (the subordinate has agency and scope of creativity)  (183) describes 2 bases for authority: character and position o character – qualitites of character which make us accept to them  sometimes we defer to people b/c of their personality o position – defer respect people b/c of their positions over us  (185-6) outdated point: talking about how leaders must lead the public in a given direction and pulls society in a direction they think is appropriate o leaders are not leading public opinion but led by public opinion  Bismarck – German leader (1815-98), chancellor, still a monarchy ruled by William I  (186-89) negotiation – people entering into contracts  Simmels point is not to restore a humanistic understanding of those dominated (ex slaves) but rather to look at the relp between more powerful and less powerful  It is a dance where relations are unequal – it's the interaction that most interests him DIALECTICS and the Communist Manifesto 1. Dialectical reasoning: Plato, The Crito (about 399BC)  Truth emerges through a back and forth dialogue/exchange points of view 2. Being is becoming: Marcus Aurelius, Meditations (170-180AD)  Nothing that exists is in a steady state – everything is changing  Roman emperor, and on campaign fighting the Germans  Talked about the equanimity (peace of mind) his philosophical message  What exists is constantly being taken apart and recombined 3. Dialectical idealism: Hegel’s logic (not really Thesis, Antithesis, Synthesis)  Understanding how our thinking improves as individuals  Good ideas come through an internal dialogue  Dialogue that takes places through our heads when we think properly o Thesis – initial idea o Antithesis – prosing idea that critiques the thesis o Synthesis – overriding idea that combines features from both the first ones into a new idea/more powerful  Never used these words himself  Every step is somehow affected by the previous step 4. Dialectical materialism:  Matter changes, not ideas o Admires Hegel’s dialectical approach/rejected his idealism o Everything is changing but we are making sense of this change  The codification of Engels (1877-78): the Triadic Principle (3 different logics operating through history, 3 ways that change unfolds in history)  Unity of opposites o Anything that exists (society, social group) is not a harmonious pole but rather composed of elements that are in tension with eachother o Classes in opposition to each other o 2 classes fighting against each other (under capitalism it’s been very binary)  Quantity into quality o P480 high number of proletariats allow their strength to grow and there becomes an emerging political growth o At a certain point where
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