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SOC 388 March 29th 2012.docx

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Vanina Leschziner

SOC 388 March 29 2012 Hallett  Sociology of Emotions  Spontaneous & Managed  Feedback & Amplification  Social Components of Emotions  Interactive Dimension  Emotion management  Surface acting  Deep acting  Feeling rules  Contextual dimension  Idioculture Emotions are personal and subjective. Normally thought to be innate psychological characteristics. Today we are looking at emotions with a sociological spin Looked at emotions throughout the whole course – many of the text talked about emotions as something that has happened in the past. Can tell us only so much. E.g. embarrassment, becoming an ex and the emotions around this. Doesn’t tell us how emotions are experienced. Tells us about the social norms that guide emotions, in Goffman some of the ways we manage emotions Today, talking about them as a physical embodied experience. Talking about them as a sociological phenomenon. How is it we experience emotions the way we do? Not as something remembered and re counted but something experienced in the moment Emotions = transformation in an ongoing self The views up until that we looked at saw the self as a response to someone else. The idea of th looking glass self. Hallett adds new dimension, not just a response to an input Hallet asks what is sociological about emotions? How can they be studied sociologically? Jack Katz – “how emotions work”  Katz wrote an entire book about emotions and devoted each chapter to an emotion. Presented emotions as something from the outside and beyond our control. At the same time part of our intimately subjected lives. Even though experience is internal, they come from the outside. Emotions appear as an object. Something outside of ourselves. But also a subjective that is redefining itself. They are always in movement. Laugh then stop, cry then stop. Not stable statesWhy are funny noises associated with laughter? Essentially just a weird sound. How do we create emotions? Why are tears associated with sadness? Why do we cover faces when in shame? Shout when angry? We take it as a given / natural but they are not Katz asks how do people not realize they are creating their emotions? How is that we all have the confidence to shape and show emotions in particular ways? If we are happy we laugh, if are angry we shout etc. There are many occupations were emotions are important. Pre school teachers, police investigators. Emotions different in different context. Hallett uses e.g. of a restaurant to see how emotions unfold and how they are managed. Focuses on emotions in face to face interaction. How are emotions social? Through emotional experiences we shape meaning for ourselves and others. See this in Halletts examples. Whatever mood the server is in, it will shape the mood and meaning for the customers. Its one thing if they are smiley and another if they are miserable. Interaction is shaped by emotional space and experience of those spaces One thing we don’t see in Hallett but in Katz  there is a very embodied dimension to emotions they are experienced in the body. Get embarrassed so body temp goes up, angry you shake, laugh you feel lighter. Often we put emotions opposite of thoughts. Thoughts are rational. Thought seen as reflective and emotions the opposite. They don’t operate like thoughts. Hallett says emotions are not self reflective. We see thinking as self reflective. We need to bear in mind meads definition of seeing our selves as an object we don’t usually see emotions this way. What sociologists of emotions tell us it that they are just as self reflective as thinking the only difference is that thinking can be put into words. We produce are emotions but at the same time experience them from the outside. Interactional nature of emotions  people shape the meaning of emotions for others. Proff asks class why do we cry? Doesn’t feel managed. sometimes can control it. Try to prevent ourselves from crying. Attacks us from the outside sometimes cant hold it back. But we cry to show others something. (Unless someone is crying on purpose.) Katz says we do it show others how we are feeling. If you start crying then the person who is bothering or being mean will usually stop. Unless they are evil. Person around you may hug, or try to do something to make them stop crying. The sociological explanation of this is even though emotions comes from outside it is done to shape interaction with otherd If someone talks and we laugh what are we doing? Defining the situation as a positive and the defining the person as funny. If you start telling a joke and no one laughs you stop. Interactionally encouraging or discouraging what’s going on. Social norms shape emotions  we d
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