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SMC103Y1 Lecture Notes - Old Testament, Plotinus, Gnosticism

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Smc208y1 lec 1 sep 13
Origen c. 185-254
o Enormous impact on the development of Christian thought
o 300 yrs after he died some of his positions were controveresd
o He lived in the pre-nicean period 325 with the nicean council
They separated what god was and what laws were; society vs church
o Enthusiastic followers after he died which was a problem because they would sometimes exaggerate his
msgs and theologies
o For henri de lubae origen was an amazing person
o Pope Benedict the 16 gave a thought of major Christian thinkers and two of these talks were on origen
Describes him as one the most remarkable figures and how he was crucial to the development of
o Origen tried tying in both the old and new testament together because ppl wanted to banish the old
o He lived in a pre-constantion period 313
Christianity became the legal and dominate religion
He lived in a time period where you were exposed to persecution
o 202 When he was 17 his dad was martyred(died) because of his faith and origen wanted to die with him
but his mom didn’t let him
o 249- empire wide persecution and they wanted to have origen deny his faith but he didn’t and he
survived but then died a few years later
o He is from Alexandria (is in Egypt)
Centre of learning and culture
Also the place before the biblical content vs the Hellenistic content
Bible was translated
o Old testament wrote in Hebrew and read in greek
o He knew Christianity was born of a jewish world
Jesus 1st presentation of jesus was a jewish way of presenting
They called him jesus is the Christ
Another example: talking about god
In the old testament god is the rock, refuge, strength etc
o He studied philosophy after his dad died and teaching was a bit of a fail
His philosophy was platonic
o He is a religious theologian
o To him the greatest source of truth is god’s revelations which is in the bible therefore the bible is the
source of truth
o The word gnos means knowledge and origen wasn’t against knowledge however Gnosticism the mvnt he
was in agreement with
o It oppose spirit and man
Sense of dualism
o Gnostics don’t believe that jesus came in humans form and die
o Philosophy becomes a religion quest
The hellenzation of Christianity
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