POLI 103 Lecture Notes - Class Conflict, Harold Lasswell, David Easton

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Published on 9 Oct 2012
School
University of Victoria
Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 103
Professor
Politics:
"who gets, what, when, and how." - Harold Lasswell
"the authoritative (or binding) allocation of values (which includes resources and power) within a
particular context." - David Easton
"politics is the discourse and struggle over the organization of human possibilities." - David Held
Concepts in political science are essentially contested.
Power: The ability of one actor to impose its will on another.
Resource
Principle of Allocation
Political System
$
"merit"/equal opportunity
Liberal capitalist
$
equality
socialist
$
Inheritance/birthright
Feudal
Aristotle:
Resource
Allocation
Constitution
Political power (incl. property and political right)
Many (poor; mob)
democracy
PP
Many (middle class)
polity
PP
Few (wealthy)
oligarchy
PP
Few (best people)
Aristocracy
PP
One (wealthiest)
Tyranny
Pp
One (best person)
Monarchy
Marx
Resource
Principle of Allocation
Means of production
Inheritance/birthright
M of P
Private property
M of P
Publicly/collectively
Marx believed all conflict was class conflict - if that were eradicated (through a communist worker's
revolution) there would be no conflict or contestation, and therefore no politics (the end of politics).
Politics always includes contestation.
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