48-260 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Cali Cartel, Sicilian Mafia, Italianamerican


Department
Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology
Course Code
SACR 2600
Professor
Mr.George Mason
Lecture
16

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Chapter 16_8ce
1. Describe the role of the Don or Capo in the patron-client model of the structure of organized crime.
2. Explain the strengths and weaknesses of applying economic theory to understanding underground markets
and organized crime.
3. Identify and describe the key structural and organizational characteristics of organized crime. Use one or
more organized crime genres or groups to illustrate your answer.
4. Explain why the problem of smuggling contraband cigarettes has been centred in the Akwesasne reserve in
central Canada.
5. What role does the government play in creating underground markets in marijuana and cigarettes in Canada?
What are the main differences between the creation of these two underground markets as far as public policies
are concerned?
6. Illustrate three ways in which the Lupollo family studied by Ianni and Reuss-Ianni acted more like a kinship
group than a bureaucracy.
7. Explain alien conspiracy theory and apply it to an organized crime genre in North America (other than Italian
organized crime).
8. How does ethnic succession theory explain the disproportionate number of members of ethnic minorities who
are involved in organized crime?
9. Describe the different patterns of relationships among offenders involved in organized crime.
10. Identify and describe the key behavioural characteristics of organized crime. Use one or more organized
crime genres or groups to illustrate your answer.
11. Identify and describe the some of the defining commercial characteristics of organized crime. Use one or
more organized crime genres or groups to illustrate your answer.
12. Apply ethnic succession theory to better understand the history of organized crime in Canada.
13. Within the context of organized crime, what is the difference between an associational network and an
entrepreneurial network? Provide an example of each.
14. In what ways is the definition of organized crime of the Commission of European Communities different
from, and superior to, the Criminal Code of Canada definition?
Criminology 8th Canadian Edition Linden
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Chapter 16_8ce
15. Describe a few of the tactics used by organized crime groups to support their commercial activities.
16. Summarize the trends in organized crime in recent years, with particular emphasis on what is replacing the
traditional ethnic-basis for crime groups.
17. Explain how public policies and geopolitical factors have made Canada a haven for smuggling.
18. Identify and describe the key institutional characteristics of organized crime. Use one or more organized
crime genres or groups to illustrate your answer.
19. How can organized crime be differentiated from unorganized crimes?
Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
20. Table 16.1 identifies numerous characteristics of organized crime, all of which are grouped into four
categories. Which category do the characteristics of “continuing enterprise” and “career criminals” fall under?
a
.
structural/organizational
b
.
institutional
c
.
commercial
d
.
behavioural
21. Which of the following characteristics distinguishes organized crime from a riotous mob?
a
.
There is a conspiracy to commit serious illegal acts.
b
.
There is specialization/division of labour.
c
.
There is a systematic pattern to the relationship of the offenders.
d
.
There is insulation against enforcement and prosecution.
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Chapter 16_8ce
22. Which of the following is NOT a name used by an outlaw motorcycle gang to refer to a specialized unit that
carries out enforcement functions, including murder?
a
.
the Filthy Few
b
.
the SS Death Squad
c
.
the Black T-Shirt Squad
d
.
the Commission
23. Which of the following crimes is a major activity for Russian/Eastern European organized crime groups in
Canada?
a
.
tobacco smuggling
b
.
debit card fraud
c
.
human trafficking
d
.
gambling
24. Which of the following can be considered a consensual crime?
a
.
counterfeiting
b
.
extortion
c
.
corporate fraud
d
.
loan sharking
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