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Lecture

New Education Curriculum Part 1

3 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIST-2514
Professor
Sharon Wall

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The new education: curriculum. Public systems more established  1880­1920’s 1.) the changing social context  immigration/urbanization southern European, eastern European, americans,  lots of these immigrants, 50% went to cities.  Industrialization: at the turn of the century there is another set of changes, sometimes called the  second industrial resolution.  Scientific management taylorism and prestige of science  frederik winslow taylor American engineer  1856­1915  one best way: everyone do things in the most efficient way possible  assembly line came up. Take away the individual choice of the worker and tell them exactly what to  do  everyone does one simple thing, highly efficient  “shovel study” how many pounds should a man put on his shovel. Most efficient rate  all of this helps contribute to the prestige of science, this is changing industry  birth of mass production power of the school not complete attendance, but people have accepted that school is where children should be.  Schools have a captive audience that is there specifically for learning  2.) early “practical” education; what was going to be new? Wanted to make school more practical Too bookish, needed to learn how to do things  People wanted to make schooling more child/family centered.  Child centered: increases over the 20  century. How the whole child goes to school: body and spirit Family centered: industrialization was destroying the family was a common belief. Family was  under threat. Mothers couldn’t teach their children temperance education(1880’s – 90’s)  controlling alchohol: stop people from drinking, have everything in moderation womens Christian temperance union: est. 1873 fought mostly to prevent people from drinking  when they found barrels of alcohol they would throw them out especially in the prohibition  focused mainly on children, trying to shape future citizens. Converting adults was like throwing  pebbles against stone walls. Too far gone, but children could be shaped before they even  developed these habits saw children and families bearing the brunt of alcoholism. Men were drinking and destroying  families  school was the natural place to change peoples habits  encouraged people to take the triple pledge: renounce alcohol, tobacco and foul language  “scientific temperance” teach the chemistry, teach about nutrition. Wanted children to learn the  scientific basis for not teaching  focused a lot on the 
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