The new education: curriculum. Public systems more established
1.) the changing social context
southern European, eastern European, americans,
lots of these immigrants, 50% went to cities.
Industrialization: at the turn of the century there is another set of changes, sometimes called the
second industrial resolution.
taylorism and prestige of science
frederik winslow taylor
one best way: everyone do things in the most efficient way possible
assembly line came up. Take away the individual choice of the worker and tell them exactly what to
everyone does one simple thing, highly efficient
“shovel study” how many pounds should a man put on his shovel. Most efficient rate
all of this helps contribute to the prestige of science, this is changing industry
birth of mass production
power of the school
not complete attendance, but people have accepted that school is where children should be.
Schools have a captive audience that is there specifically for learning
2.) early “practical” education; what was going to be new?
Wanted to make school more practical Too bookish, needed to learn how to do things
People wanted to make schooling more child/family centered.
Child centered: increases over the 20 century. How the whole child goes to school: body and spirit
Family centered: industrialization was destroying the family was a common belief. Family was
under threat. Mothers couldn’t teach their children
temperance education(1880’s – 90’s)
controlling alchohol: stop people from drinking, have everything in moderation
womens Christian temperance union: est. 1873
fought mostly to prevent people from drinking
when they found barrels of alcohol they would throw them out especially in the prohibition
focused mainly on children, trying to shape future citizens. Converting adults was like throwing
pebbles against stone walls. Too far gone, but children could be shaped before they even
developed these habits
saw children and families bearing the brunt of alcoholism. Men were drinking and destroying
school was the natural place to change peoples habits
encouraged people to take the triple pledge: renounce alcohol, tobacco and foul language
“scientific temperance” teach the chemistry, teach about nutrition. Wanted children to learn the
scientific basis for not teaching
focused a lot on the