Biology 2601A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Pyruvic Acid, Glycolysis, Electron Transport Chain

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Organic acids (pyruvate) goes through citric acid cycle and is fully oxidized to produce a reductant that is used in electron transport to generate energy. Small amount of energy comes out of glycolysis, most of the energy is in the mitochondria. In animals, a lot of the excess energy regardless of where it comes from is stored in fat. We can recover that and use it in the formation of energy through beta-oxidation. B-oxidation doesn t take place in plants, only sometimes for germination of seeds. This is what you need to know for glycolysis. Sucrose is the primary sugar product that is formed in plants. Fructose is one of the main products in the bensen cycle. Much like a chloroplast, it is a double membrane organelle. 2 carbons come in, 3 carbons come in in the form of pyruvate. The citric acid cycle is sometimes referred to as a (cid:862)hub(cid:863).

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