Kinesiology 2962A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Epiphyseal Plate, Heat Illness, Bone Density

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Epiphyseal growth plate: epiphyseal injuries usually result of shearing and avulsion forces, as well as compressive forces due to either severe twisting or direct blows that can result in a disruption of the epiphyseal growth plate. In young athletes, as bone stiffness increases and resistance to impact diminishes, sudden overload may subject bone to either bow or buckle. Children (5-11) fitt for aerobic training: frequency- daily, at least 3 times per week (vigorous, time: 60 minutes per day. Resistance training- age 12 and above: frequency- 2-3 times per week, non-consecutive days. Warm-up, cool- down: 5-10 minutes of low-intensity cardio, dynamic stretching, same for cool down, may also incorporate static stretching as well. Stages of adolescent development: physical, cognitive and social/economic development. Youth injuries: vulnerabilities, chronological vs developmental age, playing with appropriate chronological but not necessarily the proper developmental age, adolescent growth spurt, immature or underdeveloped coordination, skills and perception.

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