Philosophy 1020 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Modern Defense, Tabula Rasa, Whiteboard

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Essay concerning human understanding (1690) modern defence on empiricism (experience 5 senses provides basis for our knowledge claims) Descartes downplayed experience of senses (senses don"t count) Rationalism reason that provides the basis for our claims rationalism vs. empiricism was much of the 17th century struggle empiricism wins. Hobbes thought power should be invested in a sovereign (monarchy) State of nature: nasty, brutish, short life on test. We are governed by law , governments play a small role, we can get along just ne without it. Empirical data and observation would be the rst place to investigate the world (inductively rather than deductively) Limits and scope of human cognition (what can we and cant we know: where does knowledge come from ( historical, plain method ) go back to beginning and see where ideas come from. Idea whatever is the object of the understanding when a man thinks (what is the origin of thoughts)

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