Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Representative Democracy, Direct Democracy, Equal Opportunity

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The power to issue and enforce binding commands. Every citizen should have the right to an equal say. Government of, for, and by the people. Historically unpopular view (people are usually selfish and only think about themselves) Decisions made by majority vote in an assembly of all citizens. Direct (had to attend, had to participate) Intolerant (anyone who was not athenian were considered barbaric) Culturally homogenous (rights were only extended to people as the same cultural group as. More democratic than ours: gave everyone opportunity to build into the system and. Less democratic than ours: discrimination and limited to citizens. Universal rights to vote & stand for office. Health of the body and the state. Political decision-makers should have judgment, skill, and knowledge. Ruling is a skill attainable only by the few. Philosophical training: acquiring knowledge of the human good. But they realize that the alternative is unacceptable. Educate rulers to be concerned for the common good.

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