Political Science 2142A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Kansas City Monarchs, Negro League Baseball, Cool Jazz
Course CodePolitical Science 2142A/B
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LECTURE – JACKIE ROBINSON AND COOL JAZZ
Integration of black Americans into a mainstream culture sport (Jazz musicians rejecting the
integration of a unified culture)
1930s big step back in terms of civil rights – blacks fired first, lynching, etc.
ww2 – blacks enlisting – proving their loyal American citizens
o“DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN” – victory against Hitler
fight to the best of our abilities and beat Hitler, but when we come home, we want
victory against Jim Crowe and segregation
NOT UNIFIED – debate between segregation, unification, violence vs. peace,
THE NEGRO LEAGUES
oBaseball wasn’t segregated
As the country becomes more segregated ad Jim Crowe laws become more
prevalent, so does baseball
1887 – Black players no longer being hired for professional baseball –
only allowed to play at the amateur level
1920 – NEW NEGRO LEAGUE CREATED
professional all-black baseball league
players came from Canada, Caribbean, etc.
1929 – league limped on during the great depression
1931 – bankruptcy
1933 – comes back, lasting until the 1950s
oINTEGRATION WITH JACKIE ROBINSON – KILLS SEGREGATED
oPhenomenal athlete, but not the best player out there
oPlayed in negro leagues with Kansas City Monarchs
oBranch Rickey – partner – choses Robinson to help integrate baseball
Brooklyn Dodgers started him at first base on April 15, 1947
Contract – never spoke back, hit back, etc. with all the backlash form a Black
player playing in a white league
Robinson's character, his use of nonviolence, and his unquestionable
talent challenged the traditional basis of segregation which then marked
many other aspects of American life.
Any outburst – labelled as “uncivilized, etc. – not fit for the league”
CULTURE ACTING BEFORE SOCIETY
huge breakthrough and evolution of jazz, interjection of swing music, etc.
phrasing, way its played – improvised, etc.
music that doesn’t have lyrics – no singing,
emotion – comes through the musicality itself
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