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Lecture 11

Political Science 2142A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Kansas City Monarchs, Negro League Baseball, Cool Jazz


Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 2142A/B
Professor
Alison Meek
Lecture
11

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LECTURE – JACKIE ROBINSON AND COOL JAZZ
JACKIE ROBINSON
Integration of black Americans into a mainstream culture sport (Jazz musicians rejecting the
integration of a unified culture)
1930s big step back in terms of civil rights – blacks fired first, lynching, etc.
ww2 – blacks enlisting – proving their loyal American citizens
ogrowing radicalism
o“DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN” – victory against Hitler
fight to the best of our abilities and beat Hitler, but when we come home, we want
victory against Jim Crowe and segregation
NOT UNIFIED – debate between segregation, unification, violence vs. peace,
etc.
THE NEGRO LEAGUES
oBaseball wasn’t segregated
As the country becomes more segregated ad Jim Crowe laws become more
prevalent, so does baseball
1887 – Black players no longer being hired for professional baseball –
only allowed to play at the amateur level
1920 – NEW NEGRO LEAGUE CREATED
professional all-black baseball league
players came from Canada, Caribbean, etc.
1929 – league limped on during the great depression
1931 – bankruptcy
1933 – comes back, lasting until the 1950s
oINTEGRATION WITH JACKIE ROBINSON – KILLS SEGREGATED
LEAGUES
JACKIE ROBINSON
oPhenomenal athlete, but not the best player out there
oPlayed in negro leagues with Kansas City Monarchs
oBranch Rickey – partner – choses Robinson to help integrate baseball
Brooklyn Dodgers started him at first base on April 15, 1947
Contract – never spoke back, hit back, etc. with all the backlash form a Black
player playing in a white league
Robinson's character, his use of nonviolence, and his unquestionable
talent challenged the traditional basis of segregation which then marked
many other aspects of American life.
Any outburst – labelled as “uncivilized, etc. – not fit for the league”
CULTURE ACTING BEFORE SOCIETY
COOL JAZZ
o“b-bop”, etc.
ocomplicated music
huge breakthrough and evolution of jazz, interjection of swing music, etc.
phrasing, way its played – improvised, etc.
music that doesn’t have lyrics – no singing,
emotion – comes through the musicality itself
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