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Lecture 13

Political Science 2142A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Marlon Brando, Hugh Hefner, Die Sexualität Im Kulturkampf


Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 2142A/B
Professor
Alison Meek
Lecture
13

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LECTURE – THE MORALITY WARS: THE SEXUAL REVOLUTION
Society of conformity of the 1950s
oImpacting women and men, whole of society
YOUNG ADULTS – 18 YEARS OF AGE – AVERAGE AGE OF MARRIAGE
Young teens waiting to have sex until marriage – conformist myth –
keeping control of a society
oCensorship – censoring movies due to the Hayes Code
Industry moral guidelines applied to most major motion pictures produced by
famous studios
Will H. Hayes – president of the MPPDA from 1942-45
oTelevision
“I Love Lucy” – couldn’t say the word “pregnant”
doctors – jailed if it could be proven if they were providing
information on birth control
“A Streetcar Named Desire” – based on play by Tennessee Williams, Marlon Brando
oTaboo issues – original play – Blanche’s husband commits suicide because its
discovered he had an affair with a man
ALFRED KINSEY
oWanted to do away with the myths of sex, bring it out into the open in society
oProfessor of Zoology, set up own institute of sexual behaviour
oPublished a study that examined human sexual relations – “Sexual Behaviour in the
Human Male”
800 pages, earned the title of the “Magellan of the Bedroom”
NEW EXPLORATION – NEVER SEEN BEFORE
Discovered – most Americans were having sex before marriage, and healthy sex
lead to a healthy marriage
Premarital sex lead to better marriages
Masturbation – does not cause mental problems
Homosexuality was more frequent than people thought
Bestiality – 6% of test subjects had admitted to having relations with
animals
Incredibly popular – teenagers buying it
“The Sexual Behaviour of the Human Female”
women just as sexually active as men
osexual beings in the 1950s – the way people viewed this was not
valid (Kiney)
equally as popular, sprung him into celebrity status
BACKLASH – showed how American morals were deteriorating
Huge blow from the Rockefeller foundation – book published in 1953 – cut
off funding
oDied of a heart attack suddenly
Began a “revolution”
oBIRTH CONTROL – HELPING CREATE A GREATER FREEDOM
Testing – 1954, Puerto Rico, Haiti
The drug fools the body into thinking its already pregnant
1960 – FDA approved the Pill
1961 – 500k woman taking the pill
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