Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Aversion Therapy, Joseph Wolpe, Unconditional Positive Regard

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Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 1000
Professor
Chapter 17: Treatment of Psychological Disorders
THE HELPING RELATIONSHIP:
- basic goal: change maladaptive, self-defeating thoughts, feelings and behaviour
patterns so they can live happier and be more productive in life
- Counselling and clinical psychologists doctor of philosophy or doctor of
psychology. 5+ years of training and supervision in psychotherapeutic
techniques and research
- Psychiatrists medical doctors specializing in psychotherapy and biomedical
treatments
PSYCHOANALYSIS:
- goal: help patients achieve insight the conscious awareness of the
psychodynamics that underlie their problem
- allows them to adjust their behaviour
FREE ASSOCIATION:
- verbalizing all thoughts that enter consciousness without censorship
- thought to provide clues of important themes or issues in patients mind
DREAM INTERPRETATION:
- dreams express impulses, fantasies, and wishes that a person’s defence’s will
keep in the unconscious
- threatening material in dreams is generally still protected to prevent anxiety
RESISTANCE:
- defensive maneuvers to hinder the process of therapy
- sign of anxiety-arousing sensitive material is being approached
TRANSFERENCE:
- client responds irrationally to the analyst as if they are an important figure from
client’s past
- brings repressed feelings and maladaptive patterns into the open therapist is
able to bring them to the attention of the client
- 2 basic forms:
o positive transference: client transfers feelings of intense affection,
dependency, or love to the analyst
o negative transference: irrational expressions of anger, hatred, or
disappointment
INTERPRETATION:
- any statement by the therapist intended to provide the client with insight into
his or her behaviour or dynamics
- confronts clients with something they have not yet admitted into consciousness
- interpret something that is near the surface just beyond client’s current
awareness
HUMANISTIC PSYCHOTHERAPIES:
- view humans as capable for consciously controlling their actions and taking
responsibility for their choices and behaviour
- everyone possesses inner resources for self-healing and personal growth
- disordered behaviour reflects blocking of natural growth process brought on
by distorted perceptions, lack of awareness about feelings or negative self image
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- therapists goal: create an environment the clients can engage in self exploration
and remove the barriers that block growth
- barriers: often from childhood experiences that involved unrealistic or
maladaptive standards for self worth
- focuses primarily on the present
CLIENT-CENTERED THERAPY:
- Carl Rogers
- Focused on the therapeutic environment that seemed most effective in fostering
self-exploration and personal growth
- 3 important attributes:
o Unconditional positive regard therapists show genuine care and
acceptance for clients, no judgment or evaluation
Communicate a sense of trust in client’s ability to work through
their problems
o Empathy willingness and ability to see the world through client’s eyes
o Genuineness consistency between the way the therapist feels and
behaves
Honestly express feelings positive or negative
- As client’s experience a constructive therapeutic relationship, they show
increased self-acceptance, self-awareness, self-reliance, comfort with other
relationship and life functioning
GESTALT THERAPY:
- bring client’s into immediate awareness so they can be “whole” once again
- often carried out in groups
- imaginative techniques to “get in touch with their inner selves”
- confrontational in nature
- active and dramatic
- role play empty chair technique
ELLIS’S RATIONAL-EMOTIVE THERAPY:
- irrational thoughts are the most immediate cause of self-defeating emotions
- ABCD Model
o A Activating event triggers the emotion
o B Belief system way the person appraises the event
o C consequences emotional and behavioural
o D Disputing key to changing maladaptive emotions and behaviours
BECK’S COGNITIVE THERAPY:
- point out errors of thinking and logic that underlie emotional disturbance and
help clients identify and reprogram their overlearned “automatic” thought
patterns
BEHAVIOUR THERAPIES:
Exposure: An Extinction Approach:
- exposure to the feared conditioned stimulus while unconditioned stimulus is
absent
- exposure to real life stimuli (flooding), imagine scenes with stimuli (implosion
therapy)
- anxiety will extinguish if person stay with CS and UCS does not occur
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Document Summary

Basic goal: change maladaptive, self-defeating thoughts, feelings and behaviour patterns so they can live happier and be more productive in life. Counselling and clinical psychologists doctor of philosophy or doctor of psychology. 5+ years of training and supervision in psychotherapeutic techniques and research. Psychiatrists medical doctors specializing in psychotherapy and biomedical treatments. Goal: help patients achieve insight the conscious awareness of the psychodynamics that underlie their problem. Verbalizing all thoughts that enter consciousness without censorship. Dreams express impulses, fantasies, and wishes that a person"s defence"s will thought to provide clues of important themes or issues in patients mind keep in the unconscious threatening material in dreams is generally still protected to prevent anxiety. Defensive maneuvers to hinder the process of therapy. Transference: sign of anxiety-arousing sensitive material is being approached client responds irrationally to the analyst as if they are an important figure from client"s past.

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