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Lecture 11

CS100 Lecture 11: Photography, Television and Film

3 Pages

Communication Studies
Course Code
Jade Miller

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Week 11 (March 26 , 2018) Film and photography 1890s: still photography to moving pictures o Film was adopted in the Victorian era o Film had a physical copy o Film was initially developed naturally, once you had still photos, why not have moving photos o People started living only with the nuclear family o Flip book multiple still images moving quickly to represent a film Theme: we are not looking at the history of invention (looking at technologies that have been developed looking at the history of development) Early 1900s: not just technology but also o Infrastructure for PRODUCTION Longer films (1015 minutes) EXHIBITIONMARKET Mass simultaneous audience Group viewing Early 1900s: USA Nickelodeons o You could pay five cents to go to theatre, stay as long as you want Social place, talking, eating, etc. o Known as the unsavoury places typical immigrant places Lived in crammed apartments o Mostly showed American films o Weird things in between movies (magic tricks, etc.) o Thought Paris would be the future of film o Cheap films Early 1900s: France o France dominated o High quality films New York City is where the first headquarters of film were in US Edison Trust (19081915) series of ten firms NEW YORK o Held 16 patents o Started as a way to solve litigations (collusion) to control the industry o Owned the right to essentially everything needed to produce and distribute films o Almost nothing to do with film without their permission o Policies No stars, no credits ( Limits on European imports Produced by the foot, sold by the foot Equipment rented by the week o People resented the Edison Trust (those running the Nickelodeon) Run by immigrant entrepreneurs Thomas Edison got the first patent for film
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