HI109 Lecture 2: Lecture 2 Jan 11

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3 Aug 2016
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HI 109 Jan 11th
Colonialism
Patterns of Domination:
1. Technology and killing power
- Disease
- Gatling gun
2. Create colonial infrastructure:
A) Ability to bring local elites on board. This was done to Ghandi for example.
B) Control of Educational system to reinforce Euro-centric worldview
C) Create local harbours, ports, rail links
Visions of Empire: 1900
British vs. the French in Africa. Competing ideas. There is every reason for them to go to
war with each other
British and the Russians. Essentially meeting in Afghanistan. Russia has one sixth of the
world’s land mass. When Russia goes to war with Japan they are shocked by the British
siding with the Japanese
- When war breaks out in 1914 the allies emerge not just because of obligations
Germans want in anywhere, their “place in the sun”, with Kaiser Wilhelm. As it begins
to medal, it annoys other European powers.
The US and the British. The US grew its navies. The British two navy strategy: could
take on France and the US.
Decolonization April 2015:
The removal of Cecil Rhodes statue. Marks decolonization in a sense.
Empires in Trouble: 1900
A Summary of European Empires by 1910:
1. British and French have settled their colonial differences.
- They both want a peaceful Europe.
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