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Lecture 15

PS287 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Role Conflict, Stereotype Threat, Structural Level


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Nicky Newton

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Week #7: Friendship Week of November 2nd, 2015
Paper #2: General Observations
Mean: 78% (B)
Definition: Stereotype threat is the fear of conforming to a negative stereotype about one’s group
membership, thus performing badly in a domain in which one feels identified (e.g., math, sport, etc.)
Be specific: Mechanisms for nullification? Which domain? Fear  Bad performance
Say something in own words: Turnitin catches ‘plagiarism’
Citations and references should agree
Read through for typos, etc. (effect vs. affect)
Use the Writing Centre or the library as resources to improve written work
Study of Gender and Friendship
At least two levels of analysis:
oDispositional level: Characteristics of person, e.g., women’s relationships more intimate due to
more self-disclosure
oStructural level: Positions in society of men have more cross-sex friendships due to working
Quantity of friendships: size of network
oNo difference between gender by age
oConcept of friendship may differ for men and women
Quality of friendships:
oDifferences often overstated
Study of friendship limited by its focus on middle-class, straight, White people
Differences appear due to culture, race/ethnicity, social class, age, stage in life cycle
Sex Differences in Friendships
Primary sex difference in focus of friendships:
oInstrumental, activity focus for men
oEmotional connection, conversation focus for women; more disclosure
oDifference starts in childhood and persists
oOften demand conditions in research
oSome differences in support provision but more similarities
Sex Similarities in Friendships
Men and women similar in what they want from friends
oTrustworthy, source of support, source of fun and relaxation
Both view similarities to self and egalitarianism as important features
Casual conversation another common feature of both sexes’ friendships
Both sexes agree that affective aspects are more important than instrumental aspects of
Closeness of Friendship
Historically, men’s friendships viewed as closer
More recent consensus that female same sex friendships closer, starting in middle school
Measure: Rochester Interaction Record
Men’s interactions with other men least close
Dr. Nicola Newton | PS287A Goldie-Anne Weiss | WLU | Fall 2015
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