Mental disorder: any behaviour or emotional state that causes an individual great suffering or worry, is self-defeating or self-destructive, or is maladaptive and disrupts the person"s relationships or the larger community. Possible models for defining disorders: mental disorder as a violation of cultural standards, mental disorder as maladaptive or harmful behaviour, mental disorder as emotional disorder. Canada, these illnesses receive only 5. 5% of health care dollars. Stigma: only 50% of canadians would tell friends or coworkers that they have a family member with a mental illness, compared to 72% who would discuss diagnoses of cancer or 68% diabetes in family. Diagnostic and statistical manual a book with all you need to know about personality disorder, used globally: axis i: primary clinical problem, axis ii: personality disorders, axis iii: general medical conditions. General mental problems that contribute to the disorder; any medication that can play a role: axis iv: social and environmental stressors.