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Lecture 2

HUMA 1780 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Refugees Of The Syrian Civil War, Kenneth Burke, Media Ecology

Course Code
HUMA 1780
Carol Bigwood

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September 22nd, 2017
Last Week Key Points
Info and communication technologies create a media ecology or communication
Technological development can be understood in four stages
o Orality
o Literate
o Electronic
o Virtual
Communication technologies co-exist as new ones emerge
Storytelling technology can be understood in three categories
o Dominant, emergent and residual but these are subject to fluctuation u
This week
Pentadic Analysis-Way to understand stories
Storytelling and media ecologies-key points
In primary oral cultures, storytelling plays number of imp functional and social roles
Literate cultures create significant new storytelling forms
o NOVEL which have reshaped modern storytelling techniques
Electronic cultures raise another set of issues including multi-media forms (sound film)
adaptation (literature to film and television) and the demand for spectacle in narrative
o More possibilities for multimedia story telling
o Spectacle can be provided to a more mass audience
Virtual cultures expand participatory possibilities for storytelling and create more
flexible platforms for creating and sharing narratives.
Kenneth Burke
How do stories have meaning and what do they make people do?
o How do the stories make people have attitude, feelings?
He wrote book called grammar of motives
Grammar of motives
Came up with the dramatic pentad in the book
Divided elements of a story into 5 elements
o Dividing something up would allow for better analyses of it
Burke Dramatic Pentad: Act, Agency, Scene, Agent, Purpose
1. Agent (who): character or characters that perform or cause the central action in a story
o Movies are centered on a character
o Film is dedicated to answering the who question
o i.e. Bridget Joes’ Diart, Fraes Ha, Boyhood, Great Gatsy, Wolf of Wall street,
Knight of Cups
2. Scene (where): Setting/Location (s) in which story takes place. Milieu or mise-en-scene
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