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SOSC 1375 Lecture Notes - Imagined Communities, Philip Zimbardo, Jeremy Bentham

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 1375
Olena Kobzar

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Governing Trouble and the Making of a Good Citizen
- In the 1950’s bridges aren’t build low because the buses are tall
Treaty of Westphalia:
Birth of the Modern Nation State
Key Principles:
1. Political self determination (every state has right to decide what to do within ones own
2. Equality between sovereign states (states are all equal legally)
3. Principle of non – intervention (cant change the law of another state)
‘Imagined Communities’: states were assumed to correspond to nations – groups of people
united by language and culture
History of Citizenship in Canada:
Few immigrants before 1896 in fact a lot of the people emigrants to us in search of labour (US
restricted this immigration in 1920’s)
Canadian Pacific Railroad 1885
3 Models of Integration:
1. anglo(French) conformity (prior to 1945) (had to be French or English to come into Canada)
2. the melting pot
3. pluralism/multiculturalism (post 1945)
Canadian Immigration Policy Before 1945: more immigrants the better it is
Open doors:
‘Only Farmers Need Apply’ – farming the Prairies and the West
Assimilation: white Ango – saxon protestants (WASP)
Canadian Immigration Act of 1910: gave the Canadian government the power to prohibit the

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entry of “immigrants belonging to any race deemed unsuited to the climate or requirements of
‘Non-Preferred’ and ‘Not Acceptable’: visible minorities – laws and/or regulations were issued
to prevent their coming to Canada
- the Chinese head tax
- Indians – continous journey regulation
- Blacks – the health regulations – Canadian climate
- Japenses –Gentlemen’s agreement
- 1930’s – Canada refused to allow Jewish refugees
-No Social Safety Net:
-Deportations: sending a immigrant to their ‘home’ country
-immigrants who lost their jobs were deported
-1930-34 – immigrants were deported from Canada for having become ‘public charge’
-1935 the number of deportations had reached more than 28,000
Changes to Immigration Policy Post 1945:
- Highly skilled and educated immigrants are needed for national growth
- Increased national prosperity – no competition for scarce jobs
- Increased levels of education(=tolerance) and travel (=curiosity)
- Reactions to horrors of WWII(because of WW2 more people started traveling b.c there
were more pilots) and concentration camps(opens on people’s eyes and allowed more
immigrants b.c what happened in the camps)
- Fears of communism – asylum given to anti-communist
- Increased living standards in Europe – less immigrants coming to Canada
- Humanitarian concerns:
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