PHYS 1111L Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Quantum Chemistry, Natural Philosophy, Biophysics

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27 Nov 2017
Physics is the natural science that involves the study of matter[4] and its motion and
behavior through space and time, along with related concepts such as energy and force.[5]
One of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, the main goal of physics is to understand
how the universe behaves.
Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of
astronomy. Over the last two millennia, physics was a part of natural philosophy along with
chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics, but during the scientific revolution
in the 17th century, the natural sciences emerged as unique research programs in their own
right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics
and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in
physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms of other sciences while opening new
avenues of research in areas such as mathematics and philosophy.
Physics also makes significant contributions through advances in new technologies that
arise from theoretical breakthroughs. For example, advances in the understanding of
electromagnetism or nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that
have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic
appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of
industrialization, and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
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